Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41423-020-00578-4
Title: Themis regulates metabolic signaling and effector functions in CD4+ T cells by controlling NFAT nuclear translocation
Authors: Prasad, Mukul 
Brzostek, Joanna 
Gautam, Namrata 
Balyan, Renu 
Rybakin, Vasily 
Gascoigne, Nicholas R. J. 
Keywords: Immunometabolism
Insulin receptor
Mitochondria
mTOR
NFAT nuclear translocation
Issue Date: 11-Nov-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: Prasad, Mukul, Brzostek, Joanna, Gautam, Namrata, Balyan, Renu, Rybakin, Vasily, Gascoigne, Nicholas R. J. (2020-11-11). Themis regulates metabolic signaling and effector functions in CD4+ T cells by controlling NFAT nuclear translocation. Cellular and Molecular Immunology 18 (9) : 2249-2261. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41423-020-00578-4
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Themis is a T cell lineage-specific molecule that is involved in TCR signal transduction. The effects of germline Themis deletion on peripheral CD4+ T cell function have not been described before. In this study, we found that Themis-deficient CD4+ T cells had poor proliferative responses, reduced cytokine production in vitro and weaker inflammatory potential, as measured by their ability to cause colitis in vivo. Resting T cells are quiescent, whereas activated T cells have high metabolic demands. Fulfillment of these metabolic demands depends upon nutrient availability and upregulation of nutrient intake channels after efficient TCR signal transduction, which leads to metabolic reprogramming in T cells. We tested whether defects in effector functions were caused by impaired metabolic shifts in Themis-deficient CD4+ T cells due to inefficient TCR signal transduction, in turn caused by the lack of Themis. We found that upon TCR stimulation, Themis-deficient CD4+ T cells were unable to upregulate the expression of insulin receptor (IR), glucose transporter (GLUT1), the neutral amino acid transporter CD98 and the mTOR pathway, as measured by c-Myc and pS6 expression. Mitochondrial analysis of activated Themis-deficient CD4+ T cells showed more oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) than aerobic glycolysis, indicating defective metabolic reprogramming. Furthermore, we found reduced NFAT translocation in Themis-deficient CD4+ T cells upon TCR stimulation. Using previously reported ChIP-seq and RNA-seq data, we found that NFAT nuclear translocation controls IR gene expression. Together, our results describe an internal circuit between TCR signal transduction, NFAT nuclear translocation, and metabolic signaling in CD4+ T cells. © 2020, The Author(s).
Source Title: Cellular and Molecular Immunology
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/232216
ISSN: 1672-7681
DOI: 10.1038/s41423-020-00578-4
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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