Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000001069
Title: Are There Bidirectional Influences Between Screen Time Exposure and Social Behavioral Traits in Young Children?
Authors: Aishworiya, Ramkumar 
Magiati, Iliana 
Phua, Desiree
Daniel, Lourdes M 
Shek, Lynette P 
Chong, Yap Seng 
Gluckman, Peter D
Meaney, Michael J 
Law, Evelyn C 
Issue Date: 17-May-2022
Publisher: Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
Citation: Aishworiya, Ramkumar, Magiati, Iliana, Phua, Desiree, Daniel, Lourdes M, Shek, Lynette P, Chong, Yap Seng, Gluckman, Peter D, Meaney, Michael J, Law, Evelyn C (2022-05-17). Are There Bidirectional Influences Between Screen Time Exposure and Social Behavioral Traits in Young Children?. J Dev Behav Pediatr Publish Ahead of Print. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000001069
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Screen time in early childhood has been associated with children's prosocial and behavioral skills; however, the directionality of this relationship is unclear. We aimed to determine the direction of the relationship between screen time, social skills, and nonsocial behavioral traits in young children. METHODS: This was a population-based, prospective cohort study with data across 5 time points. We examined the reciprocal relationships between caregiver-reported children's screen time at 12, 18, 24, 36, and 54 months and social behaviors collected using the Infant-Toddler Social-Emotional Assessment at 12 months; the Quantitative Checklist for Autism at 18, 24, and 36 months; and the Social Responsiveness Scale at 54 months. Cross-lagged path models were used for analysis. RESULTS: A multiple imputation data set and complete data from 229 participants were included in the analyses. Screen time at 12, 18, and 36 months predicted nonsocial behavioral traits at 54 months. Cross-lagged path models showed a clear direction from increased screen time at earlier time points to both poorer social skills and atypical behaviors at later time points (Akaike information criterion 18936.55, Bayesian information criterion 19210.73, root mean square error of approximation 0.037, and comparative fit index 0.943). Social skills or behavioral traits at a younger age did not predict later screen time at any of the time points. CONCLUSION: Screen time in early childhood has lagged influences on social skills and nonsocial behaviors; the reverse relationship is not found. Close monitoring of social behaviors may be warranted in the setting of excessive screen time during early childhood.
Source Title: J Dev Behav Pediatr
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/228778
ISSN: 0196206X
15367312
DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000001069
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