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Title: Right-Site Care Programme with a community-based family medicine clinic in Singapore: Secondary data analysis of its impact on mortality and healthcare utilisation
Authors: Ang, I.Y.H. 
Ng, S.H.-X. 
Rahman, N. 
Nurjono, M. 
Tham, T.Y. 
Toh, S.-A. 
Wee, H.L. 
Keywords: community care
family medicine
length of stay
transfer of specialist care
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Ang, I.Y.H., Ng, S.H.-X., Rahman, N., Nurjono, M., Tham, T.Y., Toh, S.-A., Wee, H.L. (2019). Right-Site Care Programme with a community-based family medicine clinic in Singapore: Secondary data analysis of its impact on mortality and healthcare utilisation. BMJ Open 9 (12) : e030718. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Objective: Stable patients with chronic conditions could be appropriately cared for at family medicine clinics (FMC) and discharged from hospital specialist outpatient clinics (SOCs). The Right-Site Care Programme with Frontier FMC emphasised care organised around patients in community rather than hospital-based providers, with one identifiable primary provider. This study evaluated impact of this programme on mortality and healthcare utilisation. Design: A retrospective study without randomisation using secondary data analysis of patients enrolled in the intervention matched 1:1 with unenrolled patients as controls. Setting: Programme was supported by the Ministry of Health in Singapore, a city-state nation in Southeast Asia with 5.6 million population. Participants: Intervention group comprises patients enrolled from January to December 2014 (n=684) and control patients (n=684) with at least one SOC and no FMC attendance during same period. Interventions: Family physician in Frontier FMC managed patients in consultation with relevant specialist physicians or fully managed patients independently. Care teams in SOCs and FMC used a common electronic medical records system to facilitate care coordination and conducted regular multidisciplinary case conferences. Primary outcome measures: Deidentified linked healthcare administrative data for time period of January 2011 to December 2017 were extracted. Three-year postenrolment mortality rates and utilisation frequencies and charges for SOC, public primary care centres (polyclinic), emergency department attendances and emergency, non-day surgery inpatient and all-cause admissions were compared. Results: Intervention patients had lower mortality rate (HR=0.37, p<0.01). Among those with potential of postenrolment polyclinic attendance, intervention patients had lower frequencies (incidence rate ratio (IRR)=0.60, p<0.01) and charges (mean ratio (MR)=0.51, p<0.01). Among those with potential of postenrolment SOC attendance, intervention patients had higher frequencies (IRR=2.06, p<0.01) and charges (MR=1.86, p<0.01). Conclusions: Intervention patients had better survival, probably because their chronic conditions were better managed with close monitoring, contributing to higher total outpatient attendance frequencies and charges. © 2019 Author(s).
Source Title: BMJ Open
ISSN: 2044-6055
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030718
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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