Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0804-5
Title: Detecting pre-death grief in family caregivers of persons with dementia: Measurement equivalence of the Mandarin-Chinese version of Marwit-Meuser caregiver grief inventory
Authors: Liew, T.M 
Yap, P 
Luo, N 
Hia, S.B
Koh, G.C.-H 
Tai, B.C 
Keywords: adult
aged
Asian continental ancestry group
attitude to death
caregiver
China
cultural factor
death
dementia
ethnology
female
grief
human
male
middle aged
psychology
psychometry
questionnaire
reproducibility
standards
translating (language)
Adult
Aged
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Attitude to Death
Caregivers
China
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Death
Dementia
Female
Grief
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires
Translating
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Liew, T.M, Yap, P, Luo, N, Hia, S.B, Koh, G.C.-H, Tai, B.C (2018). Detecting pre-death grief in family caregivers of persons with dementia: Measurement equivalence of the Mandarin-Chinese version of Marwit-Meuser caregiver grief inventory. BMC Geriatrics 18 (1) : 114. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0804-5
Abstract: Background: Pre-death grief (PDG) is a key challenge faced by caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD). Marwit-Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory (MM-CGI) and its abbreviated MM-CGI-Short-Form (MM-CGI-SF) are among the few empirically-developed scales that detect PDG. However, they have not had a Mandarin-Chinese version even though Chinese-speaking populations have among the largest number of PWD. We produced a Mandarin-Chinese version of MM-CGI and evaluated whether it had equivalent scores and similar psychometric properties to the English version. Methods: We produced the Chinese MM-CGI through the methods of forward-backward translation and cognitive debriefing. Then, we recruited family caregivers of PWD (n = 394) to complete either the Chinese (n = 103) or English (n = 291) version. The two versions were compared in their score-difference (adjusting for potential confounders using multiple linear regression), internal-consistency reliability (using Cronbach's ?) and test-retest reliability (using intraclass correlation-coefficient), known-group validity (based on the relationship with the PWD and stage of dementia) and construct validity (using Spearman's correlation-coefficient). Results: The two versions showed similar mean scores, with the adjusted score-difference of 1.2 (90% CI -5.6 to 7.9) for MM-CGI and - 0.4 (90% CI -2.9 to 2.1) for MM-CGI-SF. The 90% CI for adjusted score-difference fell within predefined equivalence-margin (±8 for MM-CGI and ± 3 for MM-CGI-SF) and indicated equivalence of the scores. The two versions also demonstrated similar characteristics in reliability and validity. Conclusions: The Chinese MM-CGI opens the way for PDG assessment and intervention among Chinese-speaking caregivers. Establishing its measurement equivalence with the English version paves the way for cross-cultural research on PDG in dementia caregiving. © 2018 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Geriatrics
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/175383
ISSN: 1471-2318
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-018-0804-5
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