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Title: Effect of aggregate spacing on skid resistance of asphalt pavement
Authors: Fwa, T.F. 
Choo, Y.S. 
Liu, Y.
Keywords: Aggregates
Asphalt pavements
Skid resistance
Issue Date: Jul-2003
Citation: Fwa, T.F., Choo, Y.S., Liu, Y. (2003-07). Effect of aggregate spacing on skid resistance of asphalt pavement. Journal of Transportation Engineering 129 (4) : 420-426. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In the design of skid resistant asphalt pavements, it is a common practice in pavement engineering to perform laboratory tests to ensure that the paving aggregate has the required frictional resistance and wheel-polishing resistance, and to specify a minimum surface texture depth of the completed pavement to provide adequate surface drainage for safe travel in wet weather. These controls, however, may not be adequate for all types of pavement construction. For instance, field experience in Singapore indicated that aggregate spacing, or gap width between aggregates, had important effects on the skid resistance of asphalt pavements. This paper describes a laboratory study to examine the effect of aggregate gap width on frictional resistance of laboratory prepared specimens. Aggregate gaps ranging from 2 to 10 mm were studied. The 2 mm gap represents that of a dense graded mix, while 10 mm gaps are found in a typical porous asphalt mixture. The British pendulum tester was adopted for the experimental evaluation of frictional resistance. The laboratory test results confirmed the effect of aggregate spacing as observed in the field. Further experimental tests using laboratory fabricated portland cement specimens indicated that the area of the contact surface, as well as the number of gaps within the test area have significant effect on the measured frictional resistance. There is a need for pavement engineers to examine this effect in the asphalt pavement mix design process to ensure that adequate skid resistance will be achieved in actual construction.
Source Title: Journal of Transportation Engineering
ISSN: 0733947X
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(2003)129:4(420)
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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