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Title: Evidence for the formation of a novel nitrosothiol from the gaseous mediators nitric oxide and hydrogen sulphide
Authors: Whiteman, M. 
Chu, S.H.
Siau, J.L.
Li, L. 
Bhatia, M.
Moore, P.K. 
Kostetski, I. 
Keywords: Cystathionine-γ-synthase
Hydrogen sulphide
Nitric oxide
Reactive oxygen species
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Whiteman, M., Chu, S.H., Siau, J.L., Li, L., Bhatia, M., Moore, P.K., Kostetski, I. (2006). Evidence for the formation of a novel nitrosothiol from the gaseous mediators nitric oxide and hydrogen sulphide. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 343 (1) : 303-310. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The gaseous mediators hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and nitric oxide (.NO) are synthesised in the body from l-cysteine and l-arginine, respectively. In the cardiovascular system, .NO is an important regulator of vascular tone and its over- or under-production has been linked to a variety of diseases. The physiological significance of H2S is not yet clear but, like .NO, it exhibits vasodilator activity and may play a part in septic and haemorrhagic shock, hypertension, regulation of cardiac contractility, and in inflammation. To date, there have been no reports of a chemical interaction between H2S and .NO. Here we show that incubation of the H2S donor, sodium hydrosulphide, with a range of .NO donors and .NO gas in vitro leads to the formation of a nitrosothiol molecule as determined by a combination of techniques; electron paramagnetic resonance, amperometry, and measurement of nitrite. We further show that this nitrosothiol did not induce cGMP accumulation in cultured RAW264.7 cells unless .NO was released with Cu 2+. Finally, using liver homogenates from LPS treated rats we present evidence for the endogenous formation of this nitrosothiol. These findings provide the first evidence for the formation of a novel nitrosothiol generated by reaction between H2S and .NO. We propose that generation of this nitrosothiol in the body may regulate the physiological effects of both .NO and H2S. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
ISSN: 0006291X
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.02.154
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