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Title: Theory-derived intervention to improve oral health of older adults: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Authors: Gao, Xiaoli 
Wong, Mun Loke 
Kalhan, Ashish Chetan 
Xie, Joshua Jiaming
Siti Hajar, Hamzah
Yeo, Alvin Boon Keng 
Allen, Patrick Finbarr 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
Issue Date: Dec-2022
Citation: Gao, Xiaoli, Wong, Mun Loke, Kalhan, Ashish Chetan, Xie, Joshua Jiaming, Siti Hajar, Hamzah, Yeo, Alvin Boon Keng, Allen, Patrick Finbarr (2022-12). Theory-derived intervention to improve oral health of older adults: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ OPEN 12 (12). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction Changing health behaviours is an important and difficult task. Despite growing interest in behavioural theories and models, there is a paucity of research examining their validity in explaining oral health behaviours, and there is a need for interventional studies to assess their effectiveness in improving oral health. This study aims to test the explanatory power of the dominant psychological theories, develop theory-derived intervention and evaluate its effectiveness in improving oral health of older adults. Methods and analysis 440 community dwelling older adults will be recruited. To be eligible for this trial, one needs to be 55-79 years old, having at least 8 natural teeth, and with no life-threatening disease, impaired cognitive function, or radiotherapy in the head and neck region. At the initial visit, each participant will be required to complete a detailed questionnaire which collects information on sociodemographic background, oral health behaviours and domains of three psychological theories and models: (1) health belief model, (2) theory of planned behaviour and (3) social cognitive theory. The theory or model that best explains the health behaviours will be selected for designing the oral health intervention. The effectiveness of the theory-derived intervention will be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. Participants will be randomly assigned to two groups, receiving theory-derived intervention and conventional health education, respectively. At baseline and at 12 and 24 months post intervention, each participant will complete a short questionnaire and undergo an oral examination (dental check-up). The effectiveness of the interventions will be evaluated using behavioural outcomes (diet, toothbrushing, interdental cleaning) and clinical outcomes (oral hygiene, dental caries and periodontal conditions). Ethics and dissemination This study has been approved by the Institutional Review Board of National University of Singapore (Ref: NUS-IRB-2020-417). Findings will be presented in international conferences and peer-reviewed journals. Trial registration number NCT04946292.
Source Title: BMJ OPEN
ISSN: 2044-6055
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-064791
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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