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Title: Singapore's Dengue Outbreak Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges, Responses, and Lessons.
Authors: Cheema, Huzaifa Ahmad
Mujtaba, Rustam Shariq
Siddiqui, Amna
Vohra, Laiba Imran
Shahid, Abia
Shah, Jaffer
Nashwan, Abdulqadir J
Howard, Natasha 
Keywords: DENV-3
infectious disease control
Issue Date: 22-Feb-2023
Publisher: Dove Press
Citation: Cheema, Huzaifa Ahmad, Mujtaba, Rustam Shariq, Siddiqui, Amna, Vohra, Laiba Imran, Shahid, Abia, Shah, Jaffer, Nashwan, Abdulqadir J, Howard, Natasha (2023-02-22). Singapore's Dengue Outbreak Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges, Responses, and Lessons.. Infect Drug Resist 16 : 1081-1085. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Dengue outbreaks have been documented in Singapore since 1901, occurring almost annually in the 1960s and disproportionately affecting the paediatric population. In January 2020, virological surveillance detected a shift from DENV-2, which was the previous dominant strain, to DENV-3. As of 20 September 2022, 27,283 cases have been reported in 2022. Singapore is currently also responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, overcoming another wave of infections with 281,977 cases recorded in the past two months as of 19 September 2022. While Singapore has adopted several policies and interventions to combat dengue, primarily through environmental control but also innovations such as the Wolbachia mosquito programme, there is a need for further efforts to deal with the dual threat of dengue and COVID-19. Drawing lessons from Singapore's experience, countries facing such dual epidemics should enact clear policy responses, including establishing a multisectoral dengue action committee and action plan prior to potential outbreaks. Key indicators should be agreed upon and tracked at all healthcare levels as part of dengue surveillance and incorporated into the national health information system. Digitizing dengue monitoring systems and implementing telemedicine solutions are innovative measures that would facilitate the response to dengue in the context of restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic that hinder the detection and response to new cases. There is a need for greater international collaboration in reducing or eradicating dengue in endemic countries. Further research is also required on how best to establish integrated early warning systems and extend our knowledge of the effects of COVID-19 on dengue transmission in affected countries.
Source Title: Infect Drug Resist
ISSN: 1178-6973
DOI: 10.2147/IDR.S397407
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