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Title: Data Sharing in Disruptive Technologies: Lessons from Adoption of Autonomous Systems in Singapore
Authors: Tan, SY 
Taeihagh, A 
Pande, D
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2023
Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Citation: Tan, SY, Taeihagh, A, Pande, D (2023-01-01). Data Sharing in Disruptive Technologies: Lessons from Adoption of Autonomous Systems in Singapore. Policy Design and Practice : 1-22. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Autonomous systems have been a key segment of disruptive technologies for which data are constantly collected, processed, and shared to enable their operations. The internet of things facilitates the storage and transmission of data and data sharing is vital to power their development. However, privacy, cybersecurity, and trust issues have ramifications that form distinct and unforeseen barriers to sharing data. This paper identifies six types of barriers to data sharing (technical, motivational, economic, political, legal, and ethical), examines strategies to overcome these barriers in different autonomous systems, and proposes recommendations to address them. We traced the steps the Singapore government has taken through regulations and frameworks for autonomous systems to overcome barriers to data sharing. The results suggest specific strategies for autonomous systems as well as generic strategies that apply to a broader set of disruptive technologies. To address technical barriers, data sharing within regulatory sandboxes should be promoted. Promoting public-private collaborations will help in overcoming motivational barriers. Resources and analytical capacity must be ramped up to overcome economic barriers. Advancing comprehensive data sharing guidelines and discretionary privacy laws will help overcome political and legal barriers. Further, enforcement of ethical analysis is necessary for overcoming ethical barriers in data sharing. Insights gained from this study will have implications for other jurisdictions keen to maximize data sharing to increase the potential of disruptive technologies such as autonomous systems in solving urban problems.
Source Title: Policy Design and Practice
ISSN: 2574-1292
DOI: 10.1080/25741292.2022.2162247
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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