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Title: Lipopolysaccharides enhance epithelial hyperplasia and tubular adenoma in intestine-specific expression of krasV12 in transgenic zebrafish
Authors: Lu, Jeng-Wei 
Sun, Yuxi
Fong, Pei-Shi Angelina
Lin, Liang-In
Liu, Dong
Gong, Zhiyuan 
Keywords: Colorectal cancer
Dextran sulfate sodium
Intestinal tumor
Transgenic zebrafish
Issue Date: 7-Aug-2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Lu, Jeng-Wei, Sun, Yuxi, Fong, Pei-Shi Angelina, Lin, Liang-In, Liu, Dong, Gong, Zhiyuan (2021-08-07). Lipopolysaccharides enhance epithelial hyperplasia and tubular adenoma in intestine-specific expression of krasV12 in transgenic zebrafish. Biomedicines 9 (8) : 974. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Intestinal carcinogenesis is a multistep process that begins with epithelial hyperplasia, followed by a transition to an adenoma and then to a carcinoma. Many etiological factors, including KRAS mutations and inflammation, have been implicated in oncogenesis. However, the potential synergistic effects between KRAS mutations and inflammation as well as the potential mechanisms by which they promote intestinal carcinogenesis remain unclear. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the synergistic effects of krasV12, lipopolysaccharides (LPS), and/or dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) on inflammation, tumor progression, and intestinal disorders using transgenic adults and larvae of zebrafish. Histopathology and pathological staining were used to examine the intestines of krasV12 transgenic zebrafish treated with LPS and/or DSS. LPS and/or DSS treatment enhanced intestinal inflammation in krasV12 transgenic larvae with concomitant increases in the number of neutrophils and macrophages in the intestines. The expression of krasV12, combined with LPS treatment, also enhanced epithelial hyperplasia and tubular adenoma, demonstrated by histopathological examinations and by increases in cell apoptosis, cell proliferation, and downstream signaling of phosphorylated AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT), extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and histone. We also found that krasV12 expression, combined with LPS treatment, significantly enhanced changes in intestinal morphology, specifically (1) decreases in goblet cell number, goblet cell size, villi height, and intervilli space, as well as (2) increases in villi width and smooth muscle thickness. Moreover, krasV12 transgenic larvae cotreated with DSS and LPS exhibited exacerbated intestinal inflammation. Cotreatment with DSS and LPS in krasV12-expressing transgenic adult zebrafish also enhanced epithelial hyperplasia and tubular adenoma, compared with wild-type fish that received the same cotreatment. In conclusion, our data suggest that krasV12 expression, combined with LPS and/or DSS treatment, can enhance intestinal tumor progression by activating the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway and may provide a valuable in vivo platform to investigate tumor initiation and antitumor drugs for gastrointestinal cancers. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Biomedicines
ISSN: 2227-9059
DOI: 10.3390/biomedicines9080974
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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