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Title: Applications of digital health for public health responses to COVID-19: a systematic scoping review of artificial intelligence, telehealth and related technologies
Authors: Gunasekeran, Dinesh Visva 
Tseng, Rachel Marjorie Wei Wen
Tham, Yih-Chung 
Wong, Tien Yin 
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Gunasekeran, Dinesh Visva, Tseng, Rachel Marjorie Wei Wen, Tham, Yih-Chung, Wong, Tien Yin (2021-02-26). Applications of digital health for public health responses to COVID-19: a systematic scoping review of artificial intelligence, telehealth and related technologies. npj Digital Medicine 4 (1) : 40. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has overwhelmed healthcare services, faced with the twin challenges in acutely meeting the medical needs of patients with COVID-19 while continuing essential services for non-COVID-19 illnesses. The need to re-invent, re-organize and transform healthcare and co-ordinate clinical services at a population level is urgent as countries that controlled initial outbreaks start to experience resurgences. A wide range of digital health solutions have been proposed, although the extent of successful real-world applications of these technologies is unclear. This study aims to review applications of artificial intelligence (AI), telehealth, and other relevant digital health solutions for public health responses in the healthcare operating environment amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. A systematic scoping review was performed to identify potentially relevant reports. Key findings include a large body of evidence for various clinical and operational applications of telehealth (40.1%, n = 99/247). Although a large quantity of reports investigated applications of artificial intelligence (AI) (44.9%, n = 111/247) and big data analytics (36.0%, n = 89/247), weaknesses in study design limit generalizability and translation, highlighting the need for more pragmatic real-world investigations. There were also few descriptions of applications for the internet of things (IoT) (2.0%, n = 5/247), digital platforms for communication (DC) (10.9%, 27/247), digital solutions for data management (DM) (1.6%, n = 4/247), and digital structural screening (DS) (8.9%, n = 22/247); representing gaps and opportunities for digital public health. Finally, the performance of digital health technology for operational applications related to population surveillance and points of entry have not been adequately evaluated. © 2021, The Author(s).
Source Title: npj Digital Medicine
ISSN: 2398-6352
DOI: 10.1038/s41746-021-00412-9
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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