Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12539
Title: Hitchhiking into the future on a fly: Toward a better understanding of phoresy and avian louse evolution (Phthiraptera) by screening bird carcasses for phoretic lice on hippoboscid flies (Diptera)
Authors: Lee, Leshon
Tan, David JX 
Obona, Jozef
Gustafsson, Daniel R
Ang, Yuchen 
Meier, Rudolf 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Evolutionary Biology
Entomology
birds
coevolution
Hippoboscidae
lice
NGS barcoding
Phoresy
Phthiraptera
PHYLOGENY
INSECTA
DNA
TRANSMISSION
TAXONOMY
GENUS
ISCHNOCERA
BEHAVIOR
HISTORY
RECORDS
Issue Date: 18-Feb-2022
Publisher: WILEY
Citation: Lee, Leshon, Tan, David JX, Obona, Jozef, Gustafsson, Daniel R, Ang, Yuchen, Meier, Rudolf (2022-02-18). Hitchhiking into the future on a fly: Toward a better understanding of phoresy and avian louse evolution (Phthiraptera) by screening bird carcasses for phoretic lice on hippoboscid flies (Diptera). SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12539
Abstract: Many phoretic relationships between arthropods are understudied because of taxonomic impediments. We here illustrate for avian lice riding on hippoboscid flies how new natural history data on phoretic relationships can be acquired quickly with modern and cost-effective barcoding techniques. Most avian lice are host-specific, but some can arrive on new hosts by hitchhiking on hippoboscid flies that feed on bird blood. Our summary of the literature yielded 254 published records which we here show to belong to two large and 13 small interaction networks for birds, flies, and lice. In order to generate new records, we developed a protocol based on screening bird carcasses sourced with the help of citizen scientists. The inspection of 131 carcasses from Singapore led to the first record of a Guimaraesiella Eichler (Ischnocera: Philopteridae) louse species riding on Ornithoica momiyamai Kishida flies collected from a pitta carcass. Phoresy may explain why this louse species is now known from three phylogenetically disparate hosts (Pitta moluccensis (Müller), Ficedula zanthopygia (Hay); Pardaliparus elegans Lesson). A second new case of phoresy enhanced a large interaction network dominated by Ornithophila metallica (Schiner), a cosmopolitan and polyphagous hippoboscid fly species. Overall, we argue that many two- and three-way phoretic relationships between arthropods (e.g., mites, pseudoscorpions, beetles, flies) can be resolved with cost-effective large-scale NGS barcoding, which can be used to partially overcome taxonomic impediments by pre-sorting specimens for taxonomic revision.
Source Title: SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/226516
ISSN: 03076970
13653113
DOI: 10.1111/syen.12539
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