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Title: Compositional Tailoring of Mg–2Zn–1Ca Alloy Using Manganese to Enhance Compression Response and In-Vitro Degradation
Authors: Prasadh, Somasundaram
Parande, Gururaj 
Gupta, Manoj 
Wong, Raymond 
Issue Date: 21-Jan-2022
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Prasadh, Somasundaram, Parande, Gururaj, Gupta, Manoj, Wong, Raymond (2022-01-21). Compositional Tailoring of Mg–2Zn–1Ca Alloy Using Manganese to Enhance Compression Response and In-Vitro Degradation. Materials 15 (3) : 810-810. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The present study investigates Mg–2Zn–1Ca/XMn alloys as biodegradable implants for orthopedic fracture fixation applications. The effect of the presence and progressive addition of manganese (X = 0.3, 0.5, and 0.7 wt.%) on the degradation, and post-corrosion compressive response were investigated. Results suggest that the addition of manganese at 0.5 wt.% improved the corrosion resistance of Mg–2Zn–1Ca alloys. The pH values stabilized for the 0.5Mn-containing alloy and displayed a lower corrosion rate when compared to other Mg–2Zn–1Ca/Mn alloys. Mg–2Zn–1Ca showed a progressive reduction in the compressive strength properties at the end of day 21 whereas Mg–2Zn–1Ca/0.3Mn and Mg–2Zn–1Ca/0.5Mn samples showed a decrease until day 14 and stabilized around the same strength range after day 21. The ability of Mg–2Zn–1Ca/0.5Mn alloy to develop a network of protective hydroxide and phosphate layers has resulted in the corrosion control of the alloy. Mg–2Zn–1Ca/0.7Mn displays segregation of Mn particles at the grain boundaries resulting in decreased corrosion protection. The mechanism behind the corrosion protection of Mg–2Zn–1Ca alloys was discussed.
Source Title: Materials
ISSN: 19961944
DOI: 10.3390/ma15030810
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