Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39283-2
Title: Effect of sodium diffusion on the properties of CIGS solar absorbers prepared using elemental Se in a two-step process
Authors: Li, W. 
Yan, X. 
Aberle, A.G. 
Venkataraj, S. 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Li, W., Yan, X., Aberle, A.G., Venkataraj, S. (2019). Effect of sodium diffusion on the properties of CIGS solar absorbers prepared using elemental Se in a two-step process. Scientific Reports 9 (1) : 2637. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39283-2
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: The influence of Na diffusion from various glass substrates during a high-temperature slenization process on the microstructure and morphology of two-step formed CIGS absorber layers is investigated. In order to minimise the CIGS absorber formation time, elemental Se vapour is used to prepare the CIGS absorber. The grain sizes of the CIGS films are found to increase with increasing sodium in the glass substrates (extra clear glass, soda-lime glass, borosilicate glass). TiN and SiN thin films are used as diffusion barrier layers inserted between the glass substrate and the Mo rear conatct to tune the Na diffusion from the soda-lime glass. The interdiffusion between the In-rich CuInSe 2 surface layer and the Ga-rich CuGaSe 2 layer is promoted by the barrier layer, leading to larger CIGS grains. Efforts are also taken to understand the differences in Na diffusion (from the glass substrates) and their effects on the MoSe 2 intermediate layer formation during the high-temperature CIGS absorber formation processes. We find that excess amounts of Na and Se are essential for the MoSe 2 growth. The excessive Na in the form of Na 2 Se x at the CIGS/Mo interface works as a Se source and catalyses the MoSe 2 formation. The Se flow in the two-step CIGS formation process must be sufficiently high to obtain high-efficiency CIGS solar cells. © 2019, The Author(s).
Source Title: Scientific Reports
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/212179
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39283-2
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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