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Title: Novel model for predicting inpatient mortality after emergency admission to hospital in Singapore: Retrospective observational study
Authors: Xie, F. 
Liu, N. 
Wu, S.X.
Ang, Y.
Low, L.L. 
Ho, A.F.W.
Lam, S.S.W. 
Matchar, D.B. 
Ong, M.E.H. 
Chakraborty, B. 
Keywords: electronic health records (EHR)
emergency department (ED)
Inpatient mortality
predictive model
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Xie, F., Liu, N., Wu, S.X., Ang, Y., Low, L.L., Ho, A.F.W., Lam, S.S.W., Matchar, D.B., Ong, M.E.H., Chakraborty, B. (2019). Novel model for predicting inpatient mortality after emergency admission to hospital in Singapore: Retrospective observational study. BMJ Open 9 (9) : e031382. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Objectives To identify risk factors for inpatient mortality after patients' emergency admission and to create a novel model predicting inpatient mortality risk. Design This was a retrospective observational study using data extracted from electronic health records (EHRs). The data were randomly split into a derivation set and a validation set. The stepwise model selection was employed. We compared our model with one of the current clinical scores, Cardiac Arrest Risk Triage (CART) score. Setting A single tertiary hospital in Singapore. Participants All adult hospitalised patients, admitted via emergency department (ED) from 1 January 2008 to 31 October 2017 (n=433 187 by admission episodes). Main outcome measure The primary outcome of interest was inpatient mortality following this admission episode. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve of the predictive model with sensitivity and specificity for optimised cut-offs. Results 15 758 (3.64%) of the episodes were observed inpatient mortality. 19 variables were observed as significant predictors and were included in our final regression model. Our predictive model outperformed the CART score in terms of predictive power. The AUC of CART score and our final model was 0.705 (95% CI 0.697 to 0.714) and 0.817 (95% CI 0.810 to 0.824), respectively. Conclusion We developed and validated a model for inpatient mortality using EHR data collected in the ED. The performance of our model was more accurate than the CART score. Implementation of our model in the hospital can potentially predict imminent adverse events and institute appropriate clinical management. © 2019 Author(s).
Source Title: BMJ Open
ISSN: 2044-6055
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031382
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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