Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Development and validation of the Rapid Positive Mental Health Instrument (R-PMHI) for measuring mental health outcomes in the population
Authors: Vaingankar, J.A.
Abdin, E.
Van Dam, R.M. 
Chong, S.A.
Tan, L.W.L. 
Sambasivam, R.
Seow, E.
Chua, B.Y.
Wee, H.L. 
Lim, W.Y.
Subramaniam, M. 
Keywords: Multi-ethnic
Partial Credit Rasch model
Scale agreement
Split-half sample
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: Vaingankar, J.A., Abdin, E., Van Dam, R.M., Chong, S.A., Tan, L.W.L., Sambasivam, R., Seow, E., Chua, B.Y., Wee, H.L., Lim, W.Y., Subramaniam, M. (2020). Development and validation of the Rapid Positive Mental Health Instrument (R-PMHI) for measuring mental health outcomes in the population. BMC Public Health 20 (1) : 471. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: The multidimensional Positive Mental Health Instrument (PMHI) has 47 items and six subscales. This study aimed to develop and validate a short unidimensional version of the PMHI among Singapore's adult resident population. Methods: Using pooled data from three earlier studies (n = 1050), PMHI items were reduced by Partial Credit Rasch Model (PCRM) runs in a random split-half sample, while psychometric properties of the resulting measure were tested through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), item response theory-graded response model and internal consistency reliability in the other half. Its reliability, construct and concurrent validity, agreement with the original scale, floor and ceiling effect, and scale estimates were further investigated in an external representative general population sample (n = 1925). Results: The average age of the participants was around 41 years. Four PCRM re-runs for item selection resulted in a 6-item unidimensional Rapid PMHI (R-PMHI). CFA confirmed the unidimensional structure of the R-PMHI in the internal (RMSEA = 0.075, CFI = 0.985, TLI = 0.974) and external (RMSEA = 0.051, CFI = 0.992, TLI = 0.987) validation samples. In the external validation sample, the R-PMHI met concurrent validity criteria, showing high agreement with the 47-item version with intra-class correlation coefficient of 0.872 (95% CI: 0.861 to 0.882) and low floor and ceiling effects. Weight-adjusted mean (SE, 95% CI) R-PMHI score in the population was 4.86 (0.2, 4.82-4.90). Conclusion: The unidimensional 6-item R-PMHI offers brevity over the original multidimensional measure while appropriately representing the positive mental health construct. Prospective studies are needed to assess its responsiveness and test-retest reliability. © 2020 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-08569-w
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Elements
Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
10_1186_s12889_020_08569_w.pdf532.66 kBAdobe PDF



Google ScholarTM



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons