Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-11-2019-0287
Title: The effect of support structures on maraging steel MS1 parts fabricated by selective laser melting at different building angles
Authors: Cao, Q
Zhang, J 
Chang, S 
Fuh, JYH 
Wang, H 
Issue Date: 11-Aug-2020
Publisher: Emerald
Citation: Cao, Q, Zhang, J, Chang, S, Fuh, JYH, Wang, H (2020-08-11). The effect of support structures on maraging steel MS1 parts fabricated by selective laser melting at different building angles. Rapid Prototyping Journal 26 (9) : 1465-1476. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-11-2019-0287
Abstract: Purpose: This study aims to further the understanding of support structures and the likely impacts on maraging steel MS1 parts fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) at 45°, 60° and 75° building angles. Design/methodology/approach: Two groups of samples, one group with support structures and the other group without support structures, were designed with the same specifications and printed under the same conditions by SLM at 45°, 60° and 75° building angles. Differences in dimensional accuracy, surface roughness, Vickers microhardness, residual stress and microstructure were compared between groups. Findings: The results showed that with support structures, more accurate dimension and slightly higher Vickers microhardness could be obtained. Larger compressive stress dominated and was more uniformly distributed on the supporting surface. Without support structures, the dimension became more precise as the building angle increased and alternating compressive and tensile stress was unevenly distributed on the supporting surface. In addition, the surface roughness of the outer surface decreased with the increase of the built angle, regardless of the support structures. Furthermore, whether the building angle was 45°, 60° or 75°, the observed microstructures revealed that the support structures altered the orientation of the molten pool and the direction of grain growth. Originality/value: This paper studies the influence of support structures on the workpieces printed at different building angles. Support structures affect the residual stress distribution, heat dissipation rate and microstructure of the parts, and thus affecting the printing quality. Therefore, it is necessary to balance the support strategy and printing quality to better apply or design the support structures in SLM.
Source Title: Rapid Prototyping Journal
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/191848
ISSN: 13552546
DOI: 10.1108/RPJ-11-2019-0287
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