Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034519897003
Title: Inhibiting corrosion of biomedical grade Ti-6Al-4V alloys with graphene nanocoating
Authors: Ritika Malhotra
Yingmei Han
MORIN, JULIEN LUC PAUL 
EMMA KIM LUONG-VAN 
CASTRO NETO,ANTONIO HELIO 
NIJHUIS,CHRISTIAN ALBERTUS 
VINICIUS ROSA 
Keywords: Peri-implant infection(s)
Dental implant(s)
Surface chemistry/properties
Implant Dentistry/Implantology
Nanotechnology
Oral Implants/Implantology
Issue Date: 6-Jan-2020
Publisher: Sage
Citation: Ritika Malhotra, Yingmei Han, MORIN, JULIEN LUC PAUL, EMMA KIM LUONG-VAN, CASTRO NETO,ANTONIO HELIO, NIJHUIS,CHRISTIAN ALBERTUS, VINICIUS ROSA (2020-01-06). Inhibiting corrosion of biomedical grade Ti-6Al-4V alloys with graphene nanocoating. Journal of Dental Research 99 (3) : 285-292. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034519897003
Abstract: The identification of metal ions and particles in the vicinity of failed implants has raised the concern that biomedical titanium alloys undergo corrosion in healthy and infected tissues. Various surface modifications and coatings have been investigated to prevent the deterioration and biocorrosion of titanium alloys, but so far with limited success. Graphene is a cytocompatible atom thick film made of carbon atoms. It has very high surface area and can be deposited on metals objects with complex shapes. As the carbon lattice has a very small pore size, graphene has promising impermeability capacity. Here, we show that graphene coating can effectively protect Ti-6Al-4V from corrosion. Graphene nanocoatings were produced on Ti-6Al-4V grade 5 and 23 discs and subjected to corrosive challenge (0.5 M NaCl supplemented with 2 ppm fluoride, pH of 2.0) up to 30 days. The linear polarization resistance (LPR) curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis showed that the graphene coated samples presented higher corrosion resistance and electrochemical stability at all time points. Moreover, the corrosion rate (CR) of the graphene coated samples was very low and stable (~0.001 mm/yr) whereas CR of the uncoated controls increased up to 16 and 5 times for grade 5 and 23 (~0.091 mm/yr) at the end point. The surface oxidation, degradation (e.g., crevice defects) and leaching of Ti, Al and V ions observed in the uncoated controls were prevented by the graphene nanocoating. The Raman mappings confirmed that the graphene nanocoating presented high structural stability and resistance to chemical degradation keeping more than 99% of coverage after corrosion challenge. Our findings open the avenues for the use of graphene as anticorrosion coatings for metal biomedical alloys and implantable devices.
Source Title: Journal of Dental Research
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/184513
DOI: 10.1177/0022034519897003
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