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Title: Pronounced Photovoltaic Effect in Electrically Tunable Lateral Black-Phosphorus Heterojunction Diode
Authors: WANG LIN 
Huang, Li 
Tan, Wee Chong 
Feng, Xuewei 
Chen, Li 
Ang, Kah-Wee 
Keywords: Black phosphorus
Lateral heterostructure
Issue Date: 11-Dec-2017
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Citation: WANG LIN, Huang, Li, Tan, Wee Chong, Feng, Xuewei, Chen, Li, Ang, Kah-Wee (2017-12-11). Pronounced Photovoltaic Effect in Electrically Tunable Lateral Black-Phosphorus Heterojunction Diode. ADVANCED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS 4 (1). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Recently, both lateral and vertical p–n junctions have been realized in 2D materials using various strategies, with a number of works on exploring the potential of lateral heterojunctions resulting from thickness-modulated bandgaps at the interface. Here, electrically tunable all-black-phosphorus (BP) lateral heterojunction diodes, without the need of split-gating or selective chemical doping or transfer-based vertical stacking, are experimentally demonstrated. The BP heterojunction diode, which exhibits an ultralow off-state current density of 8 pA µm−1 at a mere Vd of 100 mV and a significant gate-tunable current-rectifying behavior with the highest rectification ratio exceeding 600, is able to harvest solar energy at both visible and near-infrared wavelengths beyond the bandgap limitation of transition metal dichalcogenides. Specifically, at 660 nm, the device achieves an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 210 mV and a short-circuit current (Isc) of 1.5 nA at 3.6 W cm−2 power density, resulting in an external quantum efficiency of 7.4% which outperforms both split-gating and chemically doped homojunctions. This work paves the way for the exploitation of BP lateral heterojunction for broadband energy harvesting towards future optoelectronic applications. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN: 2199160X
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