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Title: A spatially smoothed device model for meso-structured perovskite solar cells
Authors: Xue, H 
Birgersson, E 
Stangl, R 
Issue Date: 21-Nov-2018
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Citation: Xue, H, Birgersson, E, Stangl, R (2018-11-21). A spatially smoothed device model for meso-structured perovskite solar cells. Journal of Applied Physics 124 (19) : 193103-193103. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: © 2018 Author(s). Meso-structured perovskite solar cells (PSC), utilizing a mesoporous absorber layer consisting of mesoporous metal oxide and the perovskite material inside, are still delivering the highest solar cell efficiency for perovskite-based solar cells up to date. Their outstanding performance critically depends on the nanoscopic morphology formed inside the mesoporous absorber layer. This, however, is not accounted for in most of the perovskite device models, as they are based on an effective-medium formulation for the mesoporous absorber layer, and the details of its underlying morphology are ignored. The mesoporous absorber layer is treated as a two-phase model that describes intrinsic solar cell physics such as free charge carrier generation, carrier transport, and recombination within the two phases, as well as at the interface between the two phases. We derive a spatially smoothed device model for meso-structured PSCs based on volume-averaging of electric potential and electron and hole concentrations of the two-phase model, and this spatially smoothed formulation captures two essential morphological descriptors that are not found in existing effective-medium formulations for meso-structured PSCs, namely, surface-to-volume ratio and porosity inside the mesoporous layer. Furthermore, we determine the explicit functional forms of the effective parameters in the spatially smoothed model for the case of an ideal "Spaghetti" blend morphology.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 0021-8979
DOI: 10.1063/1.5045379
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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