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Title: Discovery of indolylpiperazinylpyrimidines with dual-target profiles at adenosine A2A and dopamine D2 receptors for Parkinson’s disease treatment
Authors: Shao Y.-M.
Ma X. 
Paira P. 
Tan A.
Herr D.R. 
Lim K.L. 
Ng C.H. 
Venkatesan G. 
Klotz K.-N.
Federico S.
Spalluto G.
Cheong S.L.
Chen Y.Z. 
Pastorin G. 
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: Shao Y.-M., Ma X., Paira P., Tan A., Herr D.R., Lim K.L., Ng C.H., Venkatesan G., Klotz K.-N., Federico S., Spalluto G., Cheong S.L., Chen Y.Z., Pastorin G. (2018). Discovery of indolylpiperazinylpyrimidines with dual-target profiles at adenosine A2A and dopamine D2 receptors for Parkinson’s disease treatment. PLoS ONE 13 (1) : e0188212. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the human brain, leading to depletion of dopamine production. Dopamine replacement therapy remains the mainstay for attenuation of PD symptoms. Nonetheless, the potential benefit of current pharmacotherapies is mostly limited by adverse side effects, such as drug-induced dyskinesia, motor fluctuations and psychosis. Non-dopaminergic receptors, such as human A2A adenosine receptors, have emerged as important therapeutic targets in potentiating therapeutic effects and reducing the unwanted side effects. In this study, new chemical entities targeting both human A2A adenosine receptor and dopamine D2 receptor were designed and evaluated. Two computational methods, namely support vector machine (SVM) models and Tanimoto similarity-based clustering analysis, were integrated for the identification of compounds containing indole-piperazine-pyrimidine (IPP) scaffold. Subsequent synthesis and testing resulted in compounds 5 and 6, which acted as human A2A adenosine receptor binders in the radioligand competition assay (Ki = 8.7–11.2 ?M) as well as human dopamine D2 receptor binders in the artificial cell membrane assay (EC50 = 22.5–40.2 ?M). Moreover, compound 5 showed improvement in movement and mitigation of the loss of dopaminergic neurons in Drosophila models of PD. Furthermore, in vitro toxicity studies on compounds 5 and 6 did not reveal any mutagenicity (up to 100 ?M), hepatotoxicity (up to 30 ?M) or cardiotoxicity (up to 30 ?M). © 2018 Shao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188212
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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