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Title: Characterization and expression of a cDNA encoding a tubuliform silk protein of the golden web spider Nephila antipodiana
Authors: Huang, W. 
Lin, Z. 
Sin, Y.M. 
Li, D. 
Gong, Z. 
Yang, D. 
Keywords: α-Helical structure
Egg case silk
Nephila antipodiana
Partial cDNA
Tubuliform gland
Issue Date: Jul-2006
Citation: Huang, W., Lin, Z., Sin, Y.M., Li, D., Gong, Z., Yang, D. (2006-07). Characterization and expression of a cDNA encoding a tubuliform silk protein of the golden web spider Nephila antipodiana. Biochimie 88 (7) : 849-858. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Spider silks are renowned for their excellent mechanical properties. Although several spider fibroin genes, mainly from dragline and capture silks, have been identified, there are still many members in the spider fibroin gene family remain uncharacterized. In this study, a novel silk cDNA clone from the golden web spider Nephila antipodiana was isolated. It is serine rich and contains two almost identical fragments with one varied gap region and one conserved spider fibroin-like C-terminal domain. Both in situ hybridization and immunoblot analyses have shown that it is specifically expressed in the tubuliform gland. Thus, it likely encodes the silk fibroin from the tubuliform gland, which supplies the main component of the inner egg case. Unlike other silk proteins, the protein encoded by the novel cDNA in water solution exhibits the characteristic of an α-helical protein, which implies the distinct property of the egg case silk, though the fiber of tubuliform silk is mainly composed of β-sheet structure. Its sequence information facilitates elucidation of the evolutionary history of the araneoid fibroin genes. © 2006 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biochimie
ISSN: 03009084
DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2006.02.010
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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