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Title: Investigation of molybdenum-carbon films (Mo-C:H) deposited using an electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition system
Authors: Rusli
Yoon, S.F.
Huang, Q.F.
Yang, H.
Yu, M.B.
Ahn, J.
Zhang, Q.
Teo, E.J. 
Osipowicz, T. 
Watt, F. 
Issue Date: Sep-2000
Citation: Rusli,Yoon, S.F.,Huang, Q.F.,Yang, H.,Yu, M.B.,Ahn, J.,Zhang, Q.,Teo, E.J.,Osipowicz, T.,Watt, F. (2000-09). Investigation of molybdenum-carbon films (Mo-C:H) deposited using an electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition system. Journal of Applied Physics 88 (6) : 3699-3704. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We have recently proposed a technique for depositing metal incorporated carbon films (Me-C:H) based on an electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition (ECR) process. This technique employs an ECR plasma derived from the excitation of source gases CH4 and Ar, together with two grids embedded within the chamber that serve as the source of the metal. It has been successfully applied for the deposition of tungsten-carbon films (W-C:H) which have been shown to exhibit a wide range of electrical, optical, and microstructural properties. These properties can be controlled through varying the deposition conditions such as the bias voltages at the grids and the substrate holder, and the flow ratio of CH4/Ar. In this work, we report on the growth and characterization of molybdenum-carbon (Mo-C:H) films deposited using the above technique incorporating two pure Mo grids. The effect of radio-frequency induced direct-current (dc) bias at the substrates was investigated. It was found that the resistivity of the films decreased by 9 orders of magnitude, and the optical gap decreased by more than 2 eV with increasing bias voltage from -38 to -130 V. The results suggest that the substrate dc bias has a crucial effect on the incorporation of Mo into the a-C:H films and the resulting microstructures, with larger bias voltages leading to an increase in the Mo fractions in the films. Concurrently, the hardness of the films was found to deteriorate from 22 to 10 GPa. The structures of these Mo-C:H films were characterized using x-ray diffraction and Raman scattering. Mo was found to exist in the forms of Mo and MoC and Mo2C. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of the effects of ion energy on the structure of the films having Mo clusters embedded within an amorphous carbon matrix. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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