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Title: Antiplasmodial activity of ferrocenyl chalcones: Investigations into the role of ferrocene
Authors: Wu, X.
Tiekink, E.R.T. 
Kostetski, I. 
Kocherginsky, N. 
Tan, A.L.C. 
Khoo, S.B. 
Wilairat, P.
Go, M.-L. 
Keywords: Antiplasmodial activity
Ferrocenyl chalcones
QSAR analysis
Redox properties of ferrocene
Issue Date: Feb-2006
Citation: Wu, X., Tiekink, E.R.T., Kostetski, I., Kocherginsky, N., Tan, A.L.C., Khoo, S.B., Wilairat, P., Go, M.-L. (2006-02). Antiplasmodial activity of ferrocenyl chalcones: Investigations into the role of ferrocene. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 27 (2-3) : 175-187. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A series of ferrocenyl chalcones were synthesized and evaluated in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum (K1) in a [3H] hypoxanthine uptake assay. Appropriate size, electronic, lipophilic and electrochemical parameters were determined for QSAR analysis. The results showed that the location of ferrocene influenced the ease of oxidation of Fe2+ in ferrocene and the polarity of the carbonyl linkage. These parameters were found to influence antiplasmodial activity. A general trend was noted in which compounds with ferrocene adjacent to the carbonyl linkage (series A) were associated with more selective and potent antiplasmodial activities. These compounds had polarized carbonyl linkages, lower lipophilicities and ferrocene rings that were less readily oxidized. The most active analogue was 1-ferrocenyl-3-(4-nitrophenyl) prop-2-en-1-one (28) (IC50 4.6 μM, selectivity index 37 against KB3-1 cells). To understand how the redox properties of ferrocene might influence antiplasmodial activity, the oxidant properties of selected compounds were investigated in antioxidant (ABTS+) and EPR experiments. The incorporation of ferrocene in the chalcone template was found to enhance its role in processes that involved the quenching and generation of free radicals. Thus, ferrocene may participate in redox cycling and this process may contribute to the antiplasmodial activity of ferrocenyl chalcones. However, the extent to which this property is manifested is also influenced by other physicochemical properties (lipophilicity, polarity, and planarity) of the compound. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN: 09280987
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejps.2005.09.007
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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