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Title: C*-controlled creep crack growth by grain boundary cavitation
Authors: Tang, S. 
Guo, T.F. 
Cheng, L. 
Keywords: Creep
Grain boundaries
Hydrogen embrittlement
Micromechanical modeling
Issue Date: Oct-2008
Citation: Tang, S., Guo, T.F., Cheng, L. (2008-10). C*-controlled creep crack growth by grain boundary cavitation. Acta Materialia 56 (18) : 5293-5303. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Quasi steady-state creep crack growth is widely associated with the nucleation and growth of voids on grain boundaries ahead of the crack tip. In this paper, a micromechanics-based constitutive law is used to study the velocity-dependent fracture toughness of porous solids under extensive creep conditions. Void growth and coalescence in the fracture process zone is modeled by a nonlinear viscous microporous strip of cell elements. Under steady-state crack growth, two dissipative processes contribute to the macroscopic fracture toughness: the work of separation in the fracture process zone, and creep dissipation in the background material. Under extensive creep conditions, the competition between these two processes produces an inverted U-shaped C*-velocity curve. The effects of rate sensitivity, initial porosity as well as hydrogen attack on fracture toughness are studied. The numerically simulated fracture toughness vs. crack velocity curves show good agreement with existing experimental results. © 2008 Acta Materialia Inc.
Source Title: Acta Materialia
ISSN: 13596454
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2008.06.037
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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