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Title: Reusable optical bioassay platform with permeability-controlled hydrogel pads for selective saccharide detection
Authors: Cheung, K.Y. 
Mak, W.C. 
Trau, D. 
Keywords: Hydrogel pad
Optical bioassay
Permeability control
Saccharide detection
Issue Date: 28-Jan-2008
Citation: Cheung, K.Y., Mak, W.C., Trau, D. (2008-01-28). Reusable optical bioassay platform with permeability-controlled hydrogel pads for selective saccharide detection. Analytica Chimica Acta 607 (2) : 204-210. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A reusable optical bioassay platform using permeability-controlled hydrogel pads for selective saccharide detection has been developed. An optical glucose detection assay based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between dye-labeled dextran and Concanavalin A (ConA) was incorporated into hydrogel pads by entrapment. The hydrogel pads are constructed from hemispherical hydrogel attached onto hydrophobic surfaces of a microtiter plate. The resulted hemispherical hydrogel pads entrapping the sensing biological materials were further surface coated with polyelectrolyte multilayers through a Layer-by-Layer (LbL) self-assembly process to create a permeability-controlled membrane with nanometer thickness. The selective permeable LbL film deposited on the hydrogel surface allows small molecular weight analytes to diffuse into the hydrogel pads while the large molecular weight sensing biological molecules are immobilized. An encapsulation efficiency of 75% for the ConA/Dextran complex within the coated hydrogel pads was achieved and no significant leakage of the complex was observed. Glucose calibration curve with linear range from 0 to 10 mM glucose was obtained. Selective permeability of the hydrogel pads has been demonstrated by measurement of saccharides with various molecular weights. The LbL hydrogel pads could selectively detect monosaccharides (glucose, MW = 180) and disaccharides (sucrose, MW = 342) while polysaccharides (dextran, MW ∼ 70 kDa) cannot diffuse through the LbL layer and are excluded. LbL hydrogel pads allow regeneration of the FRET system with good signal reproducibility of more than 90% to construct a reusable and reagentless optical bioassay platform. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Analytica Chimica Acta
ISSN: 00032670
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2007.11.046
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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