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Title: Efficient data assimilation method based on chaos theory and Kalman filter with an application in Singapore Regional Model
Authors: Sun, Y. 
Sisomphon, P.
Babovic, V. 
Chan, E.S. 
Keywords: Chaos theory
Data assimilation
Kalman filter
Local model
Singapore Regional Model
Issue Date: Oct-2009
Citation: Sun, Y., Sisomphon, P., Babovic, V., Chan, E.S. (2009-10). Efficient data assimilation method based on chaos theory and Kalman filter with an application in Singapore Regional Model. Journal of Hydro-Environment Research 3 (2) : 85-95. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Data assimilation is a methodology that utilizes information from observations, and assimilates it into numerical models, with the intention of improving the quality and accuracy of the model outputs. This paper introduces a hybrid data assimilation scheme, which combines a temporal error prediction algorithm based on local model (LM) inspired by chaos theory and a spatial error distribution scheme through the propagation of error covariances derived from the Kalman filter (KF). Local model is only capable of predicting the model errors at the stations where the observations are available, while the effect of traditional Kalman filter is limited to a time horizon where the improved initial conditions are washed out. The hybrid scheme outlined in this paper is performed in two steps: (i) predicting the model errors at the measurement stations using the local model approach and (ii) distributing the predicted errors over the computational domain using the Kalman filter. Incorporating error distribution with error prediction assimilates limited information from the observed data into non-measurement stations. Therefore all stations of interest are able to be benefited. The proposed hybrid scheme has been implemented in the Singapore Regional Model (SRM) constructed by Delft3D modelling system, with the improvements in the assimilated characteristics discussed in detail. © 2009 International Association for Hydraulic Engineering and Research, Asia Pacific Division.
Source Title: Journal of Hydro-Environment Research
ISSN: 15706443
DOI: 10.1016/j.jher.2009.07.003
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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