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Title: Advanced analysis for the assessment of steel frames in fire
Authors: Liew, J.Y.R. 
Tang, L.K.
Holmaas, T.
Choo, Y.S. 
Keywords: Advanced analysis
Fire analysis
Fire-resistant design
Inelastic analysis
Limit-states design
Nonlinear analysis
Semi-rigid frames
Steel design
Issue Date: Aug-1998
Citation: Liew, J.Y.R.,Tang, L.K.,Holmaas, T.,Choo, Y.S. (1998-08). Advanced analysis for the assessment of steel frames in fire. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 47 (1-2) : 19-45. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper describes the methodology of an advanced analysis technique for studying the large-displacement inelastic behaviour of building frames subjected to localised fire. The main feature of the proposed analysis is its use of one element per member to model each structural component and thereby obtain a realistic representation of material and geometrical nonlinear behaviour of the overall framework. Both ISO fire and natural fires can be simulated by the analysis model. The transient heat transfer is calculated by using a refined finite element mesh, whereas the structural responses are calculated with a nonlinear finite element technique based on an elasto-plastic beam-column formulation. Numerical studies are carried out on portal frames and multi-storey frames exposed to natural fires. The computed results are compared and contrasted with those from the conventional approach based on ISO standard fire, so that the advantage of using advanced analysis for direct assessment of the performance of steel structures in fire can be highlighted. Effects of fire load and ventilation resulting in localised fires in building frames are studied. The design implication of fire spreading in the storey of a building in which cooling and heating are taking place simultaneously is discussed. © 1998 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Constructional Steel Research
ISSN: 0143974X
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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