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Title: Bacteria attachment to surfaces - AFM force spectroscopy and physicochemical analyses
Authors: Harimawan, A.
Rajasekar, A. 
Ting, Y.-P. 
Keywords: Adhesion force
B. subtilis
M. timonae
P. aeruginosa
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2011
Citation: Harimawan, A., Rajasekar, A., Ting, Y.-P. (2011-12-01). Bacteria attachment to surfaces - AFM force spectroscopy and physicochemical analyses. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 364 (1) : 213-218. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Understanding bacterial adhesion to surfaces requires knowledge of the forces that govern bacterial-surface interactions. Biofilm formation on stainless steel 316 (SS316) by three bacterial species was investigated by examining surface force interaction between the cells and metal surface using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Bacterial-metal adhesion force was quantified at different surface delay time from 0 to 60. s using AFM tip coated with three different bacterial species: Gram-negative Massilia timonae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis. The results revealed that bacterial adhesion forces on SS316 surface by Gram-negative bacteria is higher (8.53 ± 1.40. nN and 7.88 ± 0.94. nN) when compared to Gram-positive bacteria (1.44 ± 0.21. nN). Physicochemical analysis on bacterial surface properties also revealed that M. timonae and P. aeruginosa showed higher hydrophobicity and surface charges than B. subtilis along with the capability of producing extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). The higher hydrophobicity, surface charges, and greater propensity to form EPS by M. timonae and P. aeruginosa led to high adhesive force on the metal surface. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
ISSN: 00219797
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.08.021
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