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Title: Multi-cell random beamforming: Achievable rate and degrees of freedom region
Authors: Nguyen, H.D.
Zhang, R. 
Hui, H.T. 
Keywords: Cellular network
degrees of freedom (DoF)
DoF region
multiuser diversity
random beamforming
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: Nguyen, H.D., Zhang, R., Hui, H.T. (2013). Multi-cell random beamforming: Achievable rate and degrees of freedom region. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 61 (14) : 3532-3544. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Random beamforming (RBF) is a practically favorable transmission scheme for multiuser multiantenna downlink systems since it requires only partial channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter. Under the conventional single-cell setup, RBF is known to achieve the optimal sum-capacity scaling law as the number of users goes to infinity, thanks to the multiuser diversity enabled transmission scheduling that virtually eliminates the intra-cell interference. In this paper, we extend the study of RBF to a more practical multi-cell downlink system with single-antenna receivers subject to the additional inter-cell interference (ICI). First, we consider the case of finite signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at each receiver. We derive a closed-form expression of the achievable sum-rate with the multi-cell RBF, based upon which we show an asymptotic sum-rate scaling law as the number of users goes to infinity. Next, we consider the high-SNR regime and for tractable analysis assume that the number of users in each cell scales in a certain order with the per-cell SNR. Under this setup, we characterize the achievable degrees of freedom (DoF) (which is defined as the sum-rate normalized by the logarithm of the SNR as SNR goes to infinity) for the single-cell case with RBF. Then, we extend the analysis to the multi-cell RBF case by characterizing the DoF region, which consists of all the achievable DoF tuples for all the cells subject to their mutual ICI. It is shown that the DoF region characterization provides a useful guideline on how to design a cooperative multi-cell RBF system to achieve optimal throughput tradeoffs among different cells. Furthermore, our results reveal that the multi-cell RBF scheme achieves the 'interference-free' DoF region upper bound for the multi-cell system, provided that the per-cell number of users has a sufficiently large scaling order with the SNR. Our result thus confirms the optimality of multi-cell RBF in this regime even without the complete CSI at the transmitter, as compared to other full-CSI requiring transmission schemes such as interference alignment. © 1991-2012 IEEE.
Source Title: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
ISSN: 1053587X
DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2013.2261990
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