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|Title:||Reduced mitotic activity at the periphery of human embryonic stem cell colonies cultured in vitro with mitotically-inactivated murine embryonic fibroblast feeder cells||Authors:||Heng, B.C.
In vitro culture
|Issue Date:||2005||Citation:||Heng, B.C., Cao, T., Liu, H., Rufaihah, A.J. (2005). Reduced mitotic activity at the periphery of human embryonic stem cell colonies cultured in vitro with mitotically-inactivated murine embryonic fibroblast feeder cells. Cell Biochemistry and Function 23 (2) : 141-146. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbf.1221||Abstract:||This study attempted to investigate whether different levels of mitotic activity exist within different physical regions of a human embryonic stem (hES) cell colony. Incorporation of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) within newly-synthesized DNA, followed by immunocytochemical staining was used as a means of detecting mitotically-active cells within hES colonies. The results showed rather surprisingly that the highest levels of mitotic activity are primarily concentrated within the central regions of hES colonies, whereas the peripheral regions exhibited reduced levels of cellular proliferation. Two hypothetical mechanisms are therefore proposed for hES colony growth and expansion. Firstly, it is envisaged that the less mitotically-active hES cells at the periphery of the colony are continually migrating outwards, thereby providing space for newly-divided daughter cells within the more mitotically-active central region of the hES colony. Secondly, it is proposed that the newly-divided hES cells within the central region of the colony somehow migrate to the outer periphery. This could possibly explain why the periphery of hES colonies are less mitotically-active, since there would obviously be an extended time-lag before newly-divided daughter cells are ready again for the next cell division. Further investigations need to be carried out to characterize the atypical mechanisms by which hES colonies grow and expand in size. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.||Source Title:||Cell Biochemistry and Function||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/47076||ISSN:||02636484||DOI:||10.1002/cbf.1221|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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