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Title: Towards exploratory hypothesis testing and analysis
Authors: Liu, G. 
Feng, M.
Wang, Y. 
Wong, L. 
Ng, S.-K.
Mah, T.L.
Lee, E.J.D.
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: Liu, G., Feng, M., Wang, Y., Wong, L., Ng, S.-K., Mah, T.L., Lee, E.J.D. (2011). Towards exploratory hypothesis testing and analysis. Proceedings - International Conference on Data Engineering : 745-756. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Hypothesis testing is a well-established tool for scientific discovery. Conventional hypothesis testing is carried out in a hypothesis-driven manner. A scientist must first formulate a hypothesis based on his/her knowledge and experience, and then devise a variety of experiments to test it. Given the rapid growth of data, it has become virtually impossible for a person to manually inspect all the data to find all the interesting hypotheses for testing. In this paper, we propose and develop a data-driven system for automatic hypothesis testing and analysis. We define a hypothesis as a comparison between two or more sub-populations. We find sub-populations for comparison using frequent pattern mining techniques and then pair them up for statistical testing. We also generate additional information for further analysis of the hypotheses that are deemed significant. We conducted a set of experiments to show the efficiency of the proposed algorithms, and the usefulness of the generated hypotheses. The results show that our system can help users (1) identify significant hypotheses; (2) isolate the reasons behind significant hypotheses; and (3) find confounding factors that form Simpson's Paradoxes with discovered significant hypotheses. © 2011 IEEE.
Source Title: Proceedings - International Conference on Data Engineering
ISBN: 9781424489589
ISSN: 10844627
DOI: 10.1109/ICDE.2011.5767907
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