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Title: Prestrain Programmable 4D Printing of Nanoceramic Composites with Bioinspired Microstructure
Authors: Li, T 
Liu, Q
Qi, H
Zhai, W 
Keywords: 4D printing
bioinspired microstructures
flexible nanoceramic composites
programmed prestrain
Issue Date: 24-Nov-2022
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Li, T, Liu, Q, Qi, H, Zhai, W (2022-11-24). Prestrain Programmable 4D Printing of Nanoceramic Composites with Bioinspired Microstructure. Small 18 (47) : e2204032-. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Four-dimensional (4D) printing enables programmable, predictable, and precise shape change of responsive materials to achieve desirable behaviors beyond conventional three-dimensional (3D) printing. However, applying 4D printing to ceramics remains challenging due to their intrinsic brittleness and inadequate stimuli-responsive ability. Here, this work proposes a conceptional combination of bioinspired microstructure design and a programmable prestrain approach for 4D printing of nanoceramics. To overcome the flexibility limitation, the bioinspired concentric cylinder structure in the struts of 3D printed lattices are replicated to develop origami nanoceramic composites with high inorganic content (95 wt%). Furthermore, 4D printing is achieved by applying a programmed prestrain to the printed lattices, enabling the desired deformation when the prestrain is released. Due to the bioinspired concentric cylinder microstructures, the printed flexible nanoceramic composites exhibit superior mechanical performance and anisotropic thermal management capability. Further, by introducing oxygen vacancies to the ceramic nanosheets, conductive nanoceramic composites are prepared with a unique sensing capability for various sensing applications. Hence, this research breaks through the limitation of ceramics in 4D printing and achieves high-performance shape morphing materials for applications under extreme conditions, such as space exploration and high-temperature systems.
Source Title: Small
ISSN: 1613-6810
DOI: 10.1002/smll.202204032
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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