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Title: Superior broadband sound absorption in hierarchical ultralight graphene oxide aerogels achieved through emulsion freeze-casting
Authors: Yang, L 
Chua, JW 
Li, X 
Zhao, Y
Thai, BQ
Yu, X
Yang, Y
Zhai, W 
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2023
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Citation: Yang, L, Chua, JW, Li, X, Zhao, Y, Thai, BQ, Yu, X, Yang, Y, Zhai, W (2023-08-01). Superior broadband sound absorption in hierarchical ultralight graphene oxide aerogels achieved through emulsion freeze-casting. Chemical Engineering Journal 469 : 143896-143896. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Ultra-lightweight aerogels have profound applications as advanced multi-functional sound-absorbing materials. At present, conventional aerogels are associated with pores with sizes too small for effective sound absorption in the audible range. In this work, we fabricated a hierarchically porous ultralight graphene oxide (GO) aerogel through a novel emulsion freeze-casting process of an air-in-water emulsion. Microstructural analysis of the aerogels reveals a hierarchical pore morphology consisting of highly inter-connected pores produced from the emulsion bubbles and the micro-pores produced by freeze-casting. Sound absorption measurements revealed that an aerogel with a surfactant-to-GO weight ratio of 1:1 displays an average absorption coefficient of up to 0.86 at a broadband frequency range between 250 Hz and 6300 Hz, a vast improvement by up to 58% as compared to conventional GO aerogels. Numerical microstructural models were developed to model the acoustic absorption phenomenon and understand the mechanisms behind enhanced sound absorption. These models identified the enhanced acoustic absorption as attributed to the increased air-wetting area as derived from the high reticulation rate in this hierarchical microstructure. Overall, we demonstrate the potential of leveraging the highly inter-dependent material-process-structure relationships of GO aerogel production to achieve hierarchical GO aerogels as advanced ultralight sound-absorbing materials.
Source Title: Chemical Engineering Journal
ISSN: 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.143896
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