Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0812-5
Title: Muscle mass and muscle strength are associated with pre- and post-hospitalization falls in older male inpatients: a longitudinal cohort study
Authors: Van Ancum, Jeanine M
Pijnappels, Mirjam
Jonkman, Nini H
Scheerman, Kira
Verlaan, Sjors
Meskers, Carel GM
Maier, Andrea B 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Geriatrics & Gerontology
Gerontology
Accidental Falls
Aged
Hospitalization
Muscle strength
Sarcopenia
HANDGRIP STRENGTH
SARCOPENIA
RISK
PREVENTION
HEALTH
MALNUTRITION
POPULATION
PREVALENCE
MORTALITY
WEAKNESS
Issue Date: 16-May-2018
Publisher: BMC
Citation: Van Ancum, Jeanine M, Pijnappels, Mirjam, Jonkman, Nini H, Scheerman, Kira, Verlaan, Sjors, Meskers, Carel GM, Maier, Andrea B (2018-05-16). Muscle mass and muscle strength are associated with pre- and post-hospitalization falls in older male inpatients: a longitudinal cohort study. BMC GERIATRICS 18 (1). ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0812-5
Abstract: Background: Low muscle mass and strength are highly prevalent in inpatients. It is acknowledged that low muscle mass and strength are associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults, but it is unknown if these muscle measures are also associated with falls in a population of older inpatients. This study aimed to investigate the association between muscle measures and pre- and post-hospitalization falls in older inpatients. Methods: An inception cohort of patients aged 70 years and older, admitted to an academic teaching hospital, was included in this study. Muscle mass and hand grip strength were measured at admission using bioelectrical impedance analysis and handheld dynamometry. Pre-hospitalization falls were dichotomized as having had at least one fall in the six months prior to admission. Post-hospitalization falls were dichotomized as having had at least one fall during the three months after discharge. Associations were analysed with logistic regression analysis. Results: The study cohort comprised 378 inpatients (mean age, SD: 79.7, 6.4 years). Fifty per cent of female and 41% of male patients reported at least one fall prior to hospitalization. Post-hospitalization, 18% of female and 23% of male patients reported at least one fall. Lower muscle mass was associated with post-hospitalization falls, and lower hand grip strength was associated with both pre- and post-hospitalization falls in male, but not in female, patients. Conclusions: These findings confirm the likely involvement of muscle mass and strength in the occurrence of pre- and post-hospitalization falls in a population of older inpatients, but only in males.
Source Title: BMC GERIATRICS
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/234942
ISSN: 1471-2318
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-018-0812-5
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