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Title: The detailed organization of the human cerebellum estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity within the individual
Authors: Xue, Aihuiping
Kong, Ru 
Yang, Qing 
Eldaief, Mark C.
Angeli, Peter A.
DiNicola, Lauren M.
Braga, Rodrigo M.
Buckner, Randy L.
Thomas Yeo, B.T. 
Keywords: Association cortex
Default network
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2021
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Citation: Xue, Aihuiping, Kong, Ru, Yang, Qing, Eldaief, Mark C., Angeli, Peter A., DiNicola, Lauren M., Braga, Rodrigo M., Buckner, Randy L., Thomas Yeo, B.T. (2021-02-01). The detailed organization of the human cerebellum estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity within the individual. Journal of Neurophysiology 125 (2) : 358-384. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Distinct regions of the cerebellum connect to separate regions of the cerebral cortex forming a complex topography. Although cerebellar organization has been examined in group-averaged data, study of individuals provides an opportunity to discover features that emerge at a higher spatial resolution. Here, functional connectivity MRI was used to examine the cerebellum of two intensively sampled individuals (each scanned 31 times). Connectivity to somatomotor cortex showed the expected crossed laterality and topography of the body maps. A surprising discovery was connectivity to the primary visual cortex along the vermis with evidence for representation of the central field. Within the hemispheres, each individual displayed a hierarchical progression from the inverted anterior lobe somatomotor map through to higher-order association zones. The hierarchy ended at Crus I/II and then progressed in reverse order through to the upright somatomotor map in the posterior lobe. Evidence for a third set of networks was found in the most posterior extent of the cerebellum. Detailed analysis of the higher-order association networks revealed robust representations of two distinct networks linked to the default network, multiple networks linked to cognitive control, as well as a separate representation of a language network. Although idiosyncratic spatial details emerged between subjects, each network could be detected in both individuals, and seed regions placed within the cerebellum recapitulated the full extent of the spatially specific cerebral networks. The observation of multiple networks in juxtaposed regions at the Crus I/II apex confirms the importance of this zone to higher-order cognitive function and reveals new organizational details. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Stable, within-individual maps of cerebellar organization reveal orderly macroscale representations of the cerebral cortex with local juxtaposed zones representing distinct networks. In addition, individuals reveal idiosyncratic organizational features. Copyright © 2021 the Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution CC-BY 4.0. Published by the American Physiological Society.
Source Title: Journal of Neurophysiology
ISSN: 0022-3077
DOI: 10.1152/jn.00561.2020
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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