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Title: Machine learning approach to needle insertion site identification for spinal anesthesia in obese patients
Authors: In Chan, Jason Ju 
Ma, Jun 
Leng, Yusong 
Tan, Kok Kiong 
Tan, Chin Wen 
Sultana, Rehena 
Sia, Alex Tiong Heng 
Sng, Ban Leong 
Keywords: Automated
Neuraxial anesthesia
Issue Date: 18-Oct-2021
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Citation: In Chan, Jason Ju, Ma, Jun, Leng, Yusong, Tan, Kok Kiong, Tan, Chin Wen, Sultana, Rehena, Sia, Alex Tiong Heng, Sng, Ban Leong (2021-10-18). Machine learning approach to needle insertion site identification for spinal anesthesia in obese patients. BMC Anesthesiology 21 (1) : 246. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Ultrasonography for neuraxial anesthesia is increasingly being used to identify spinal structures and the identification of correct point of needle insertion to improve procedural success, in particular in obesity. We developed an ultrasound-guided automated spinal landmark identification program to assist anesthetists on spinal needle insertion point with a graphical user interface for spinal anesthesia. Methods: Forty-eight obese patients requiring spinal anesthesia for Cesarean section were recruited in this prospective cohort study. We utilized a developed machine learning algorithm to determine the needle insertion point using automated spinal landmark ultrasound imaging of the lumbar spine identifying the L3/4 interspinous space (longitudinal view) and the posterior complex of dura mater (transverse view). The demographic and clinical characteristics were also recorded. Results: The first attempt success rate for spinal anesthesia was 79.1% (38/48) (95%CI 65.0 - 89.5%), followed by successful second attempt of 12.5% (6/48), third attempt of 4.2% (2/48) and 4th attempt (4.2% or 2/48). The scanning duration of L3/4 interspinous space and the posterior complex were 21.0 [IQR: 17.0, 32.0] secs and 11.0 [IQR: 5.0, 22.0] secs respectively. There is good correlation between the program recorded depth of the skin to posterior complex and clinician measured depth (r = 0.915). Conclusions: The automated spinal landmark identification program is able to provide assistance to needle insertion point identification in obese patients. There is good correlation between program recorded and clinician measured depth of the skin to posterior complex of dura mater. Future research may involve imaging algorithm improvement to assist with needle insertion guidance during neuraxial anesthesia. Trial registration: This study was registered on registry (NCT03687411) on 22 Aug 2018. © 2021, The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Anesthesiology
ISSN: 1471-2253
DOI: 10.1186/s12871-021-01466-8
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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