Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/229288
Title: Post-Democratizing Politics in Southeast and Northeast Asia
Authors: Chong, Ja Ian 
Osterberg-Kaufmann, Norma
Issue Date: 25-Jul-2022
Publisher: University of British Columbia
Citation: Chong, Ja Ian, Osterberg-Kaufmann, Norma (2022-07-25). Post-Democratizing Politics in Southeast and Northeast Asia. PACIFIC AFFAIRS 94 (3). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A growing global trend towards authoritarianism has left democracy, especially its liberal form, under strain. This has occurred despite earlier promises of democratization between the end of the Cold War and the early twenty-first century. Our essay examines how the dynamics of post-democratization politics have played out across several polities in Southeast and Northeast Asia. These regions once included supposed “Third Wave” democracies and polities apparently on the cusp of political liberalization. Such expectations have not panned out. Instead, the region has generally witnessed either significant authoritarian resilience or autocratic resurgence following spurts of political openness. We examine how such autocratic dynamics have played out following earlier movements toward democratization. Specifically, we identify three key elements of post-democratization politics associated with autocratic success and democratic robustness based on contributions to this special issue, and suggest pathways through which they can affect political outcomes. Dominant beliefs can prime accommodation with authoritarianism given pervasive acceptance of state-driven ideologies while identification with liberal values can drive democratic consolidation and resistance to autocracy, regardless of wealth and education. Ostensibly democratic institutions, such as constitutional courts, can become anti-democratic instruments when the exercise of their independent prerogatives means upholding autocratic tendencies that align with their interests and outlooks. Agents and their decisions can both prompt and stymie autocratization, whether intentionally or inadvertently; strategies to consolidate authority can fracture even dominant ruling coalitions. Examining the roles ideas, institutions, and agents play in post-democratic politics can further efforts at understanding the current authoritarian wave and its limits.
Source Title: PACIFIC AFFAIRS
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/229288
ISSN: 0030851X
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