Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-019-01593-x
Title: Conditions of highly specific learning through cued recall
Authors: Pan, Steven C 
Lovelett, Jarrett
Stoeckenius, Derek
Rickard, Timothy C
Keywords: Social Sciences
Psychology, Mathematical
Psychology, Experimental
Psychology
Cued recall
Transfer
Testing effect
Pretesting effect
Retrieval practice
Feedback
RETRIEVAL
SEPARATION
LEARNERS
ERRORS
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2019
Publisher: SPRINGER
Citation: Pan, Steven C, Lovelett, Jarrett, Stoeckenius, Derek, Rickard, Timothy C (2019-04-01). Conditions of highly specific learning through cued recall. PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW 26 (2) : 634-640. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-019-01593-x
Abstract: After studying a stimulus (e.g., a word triplet such as gift, rose, wine), taking a cued recall test on that stimulus (e.g., gift, rose, ?) improves later recall of the retrieved term (e.g., wine) relative to a restudy control. That testing effect, however, is specific to the tested term: later recall of a previously untested term from the same stimulus (e.g., gift or rose) is not enhanced. In the present research, two possibilities for that highly specific learning were investigated: (a) learning through cued recall is always highly specific to the tested term, or, alternatively, (b) learning specificity is unique to the case of retrieving a term from an episodic memory of a study event. We addressed those possibilities by using the pretesting paradigm, in which there is no study opportunity prior to cued recall testing, and hence retrieval occurs through semantic memory. The results of two experiments supported the latter hypothesis. Thus, it is not the recall attempt per se that produces highly specific learning, but rather the attempt to recall the response by accessing an episodic memory of a particular study event. Theoretical and practical implications for learning through cued recall are discussed.
Source Title: PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/228396
ISSN: 10699384
15315320
DOI: 10.3758/s13423-019-01593-x
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