Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1111/all.14815
Title: Differentiation of COVID-19 signs and symptoms from allergic rhinitis and common cold: An ARIA-EAACI-GA<sup>2</sup>LEN consensus
Authors: Hagemann, J
Onorato, GL
Jutel, M
Akdis, CA
Agache, I
Zuberbier, T
Czarlewski, W
Mullol, J
Bedbrook, A
Bachert, C
Bennoor, KS
Bergmann, KC
Braido, F
Camargos, P
Caraballo, L
Cardona, V
Casale, T
Cecchi, L
Chivato, T
Chu, DK
Cingi, C
Correia-de-Sousa, J
del Giacco, S
Dokic, D
Dykewicz, M
Ebisawa, M
El-Gamal, Y
Emuzyte, R
Fauquert, JL
Fiocchi, A
Fokkens, WJ
Fonseca, JA
Gemicioglu, B
Gomez, RM
Gotua, M
Haahtela, T
Hamelmann, E
Iinuma, T
Ivancevich, JC
Jassem, E
Kalayci, O
Kardas, P
Khaitov, M
Kuna, P
Kvedariene, V
Larenas-Linnemann, DE
Lipworth, B
Makris, M
Maspero, JF
Miculinic, N
Mihaltan, F
Mohammad, Y
Montefort, S
Morais-Almeida, M
Mösges, R
Naclerio, R
Neffen, H
Niedoszytko, M
O’Hehir, RE
Ohta, K
Okamoto, Y
Okubo, K
Panzner, P
Papadopoulos, NG
Passalacqua, G
Patella, V
Pereira, A
Pfaar, O
Plavec, D
Popov, TA
Prokopakis, EP
Puggioni, F
Raciborski, F
Reijula, J
Regateiro, FS
Reitsma, S
Romano, A
Rosario, N
Rottem, M
Ryan, D
Samolinski, B
Sastre, J
Solé, D
Sova, M
Stellato, C
Suppli-Ulrik, C
Tsiligianni, I
Valero, A
Valiulis, A
Valovirta, E
Vasankari, T
Ventura, MT
Wallace, D
Wang, DY 
Williams, S
Yorgancioglu, A
Yusuf, OM
Zernotti, M
Bousquet, J
Klimek, L
Keywords: COVID-19
allergic rhinitis
common cold
cough
smell
Asthma
COVID-19
Common Cold
Consensus
Humans
Rhinitis, Allergic
SARS-CoV-2
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2021
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Hagemann, J, Onorato, GL, Jutel, M, Akdis, CA, Agache, I, Zuberbier, T, Czarlewski, W, Mullol, J, Bedbrook, A, Bachert, C, Bennoor, KS, Bergmann, KC, Braido, F, Camargos, P, Caraballo, L, Cardona, V, Casale, T, Cecchi, L, Chivato, T, Chu, DK, Cingi, C, Correia-de-Sousa, J, del Giacco, S, Dokic, D, Dykewicz, M, Ebisawa, M, El-Gamal, Y, Emuzyte, R, Fauquert, JL, Fiocchi, A, Fokkens, WJ, Fonseca, JA, Gemicioglu, B, Gomez, RM, Gotua, M, Haahtela, T, Hamelmann, E, Iinuma, T, Ivancevich, JC, Jassem, E, Kalayci, O, Kardas, P, Khaitov, M, Kuna, P, Kvedariene, V, Larenas-Linnemann, DE, Lipworth, B, Makris, M, Maspero, JF, Miculinic, N, Mihaltan, F, Mohammad, Y, Montefort, S, Morais-Almeida, M, Mösges, R, Naclerio, R, Neffen, H, Niedoszytko, M, O’Hehir, RE, Ohta, K, Okamoto, Y, Okubo, K, Panzner, P, Papadopoulos, NG, Passalacqua, G, Patella, V, Pereira, A, Pfaar, O, Plavec, D, Popov, TA, Prokopakis, EP, Puggioni, F, Raciborski, F, Reijula, J, Regateiro, FS, Reitsma, S, Romano, A, Rosario, N, Rottem, M, Ryan, D, Samolinski, B, Sastre, J, Solé, D, Sova, M, Stellato, C, Suppli-Ulrik, C, Tsiligianni, I, Valero, A, Valiulis, A, Valovirta, E, Vasankari, T, Ventura, MT, Wallace, D, Wang, DY, Williams, S, Yorgancioglu, A, Yusuf, OM, Zernotti, M, Bousquet, J, Klimek, L (2021-08-01). Differentiation of COVID-19 signs and symptoms from allergic rhinitis and common cold: An ARIA-EAACI-GA2LEN consensus. Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 76 (8) : 2354-2366. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1111/all.14815
Abstract: Background: Although there are many asymptomatic patients, one of the problems of COVID-19 is early recognition of the disease. COVID-19 symptoms are polymorphic and may include upper respiratory symptoms. However, COVID-19 symptoms may be mistaken with the common cold or allergic rhinitis. An ARIA-EAACI study group attempted to differentiate upper respiratory symptoms between the three diseases. Methods: A modified Delphi process was used. The ARIA members who were seeing COVID-19 patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire on the upper airway symptoms of COVID-19, common cold and allergic rhinitis. Results: Among the 192 ARIA members who were invited to respond to the questionnaire, 89 responded and 87 questionnaires were analysed. The consensus was then reported. A two-way ANOVA revealed significant differences in the symptom intensity between the three diseases (p <.001). Conclusions: This modified Delphi approach enabled the differentiation of upper respiratory symptoms between COVID-19, the common cold and allergic rhinitis. An electronic algorithm will be devised using the questionnaire.
Source Title: Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227549
ISSN: 01054538
13989995
DOI: 10.1111/all.14815
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