Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042239
Title: Gender-Based Violence in the Asia-Pacific Region during COVID-19: A Hidden Pandemic behind Closed Doors
Authors: Nagashima-Hayashi, Michiko
Durrance-Bagale, Anna
Marzouk, Manar
Ung, Mengieng
Lam, Sze Tung
Neo, Pearlyn 
Howard, Natasha 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
violence against women
domestic violence
gender-based violence
intimate partner violence
sexual violence
sexual and reproductive health
COVID-19
Asia-Pacific
RISK-FACTORS
WOMEN
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Nagashima-Hayashi, Michiko, Durrance-Bagale, Anna, Marzouk, Manar, Ung, Mengieng, Lam, Sze Tung, Neo, Pearlyn, Howard, Natasha (2022-02-01). Gender-Based Violence in the Asia-Pacific Region during COVID-19: A Hidden Pandemic behind Closed Doors. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 19 (4). ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042239
Abstract: Since the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been reports of increased violence against women globally. We aimed to explore factors associated with reported increases in gender-based violence (GBV) during the pandemic in the Asia-Pacific region. We conducted 47 semi-structured interviews with experts working in sexual and reproductive health in 12 countries in the region. We analysed data thematically, using the socio-ecological framework of violence. Risks associated with increased GBV included economic strain, alcohol use and school closures, together with reduced access to health and social services. We highlight the need to address heightened risk factors, the importance of proactively identifying instances of GBV and protecting women and girls through establishing open and innovative communication channels, along with addressing underlying issues of gender inequality and social norms. Violence is exacerbated during public health crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying and supporting women at risk, as well as preventing domestic violence during lockdowns and movement restrictions is an emerging challenge. Our findings can help inform the adoption of improved surveillance and research, as well as innovative interventions to prevent violence and detect and protect victims.
Source Title: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/224736
ISSN: 16617827
16604601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19042239
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