Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2022.795594
Title: Gender Differences in Body Composition in Pre-Frail Older Adults With Diabetes Mellitus
Authors: Merchant, Reshma Aziz 
Soong, John Tshon Yit 
Morley, John E 
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2022
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Citation: Merchant, Reshma Aziz, Soong, John Tshon Yit, Morley, John E (2022-02-15). Gender Differences in Body Composition in Pre-Frail Older Adults With Diabetes Mellitus. Frontiers in Endocrinology 13. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2022.795594
Abstract: Background & AimsAgeing is a risk factor for diabetes mellitus (DM) and frailty. It is associated with body composition changes including increase in fat mass (FM), central fat distribution, decrease in fat free mass (FFM) and skeletal muscle which are risk factors for DM. This study aims to evaluate gender differences in body composition in pre-frail diabetics and association with physical performance, cognitive function and perceived health. In addition, we aim to explore the association of obesity, sarcopenia, sarcopenic obesity, and body composition in pre-frail older adults to DM status.MethodsCross-sectional study of 192 pre-frail community dwelling older adults (≥ 65 years). Data was collected on demographics, physical function, cognition, frailty, sarcopenia, perceived health and body composition using the InBody S10. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were undertaken to explore the association of sarcopenic obesity, obesity, sarcopenia and body composition measures to DM status.ResultsThere were insignificant within-gender differences for physical function, cognition and body composition, except for a higher prevalence of obesity defined by body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%), increased fat mass index(FMI) and fat free mass index(FFMI) in females with DM. There were significant between-gender differences for those with DM where females overall had lower education levels, lower perceived health, higher prevalence of depression and low mental vitality, lower overall physical function (low short physical performance battery scores, low gait speed and hand grip strength), lower cognitive scores, lower muscle mass and muscle quality with higher FMI, FM/FFM and visceral fat area(VFA). BMI, VFA>100 cm2, FMI and FFMI were found to be independently associated with DM status after multivariable adjustment.ConclusionWithin pre-frail DM vs non-DM, there were insignificant differences in body composition, physical function, cognition and perceived health within gender except for FMI, BF% and FFMI in females. There were significant differences between gender in pre-frail DM in muscle mass, quality, functional, cognitive and mental status. Further longitudinal studies are required to understand the pathogenesis, trajectory of DM and protective role of oral hypoglycemics in pre-frail older adults.
Source Title: Frontiers in Endocrinology
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/215416
ISSN: 16642392
DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2022.795594
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