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Title: PRMT5 Modulates Splicing for Genome Integrity and Preserves Proteostasis of Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Authors: Tan, D.Q. 
Li, Y. 
Yang, C. 
Li, J.
Tan, S.H. 
Chin, D.W.L.
Nakamura-Ishizu, A.
Yang, H. 
Suda, T. 
Keywords: DNA damage
genomic integrity
hematopoietic stem cells
protein arginine methyltransferase 5
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Tan, D.Q., Li, Y., Yang, C., Li, J., Tan, S.H., Chin, D.W.L., Nakamura-Ishizu, A., Yang, H., Suda, T. (2019). PRMT5 Modulates Splicing for Genome Integrity and Preserves Proteostasis of Hematopoietic Stem Cells. Cell Reports 26 (9) : 2316-2328000000. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is essential for hematopoiesis, while PRMT5 inhibition remains a promising therapeutic strategy against various cancers. Here, we demonstrate that hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) quiescence and viability are severely perturbed upon PRMT5 depletion, which also increases HSC size, PI3K/AKT/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway activity, and protein synthesis rate. We uncover a critical role for PRMT5 in maintaining HSC genomic integrity by modulating splicing of genes involved in DNA repair. We found that reducing PRMT5 activity upregulates exon skipping and intron retention events that impair gene expression. Genes across multiple DNA repair pathways are affected, several of which mediate interstrand crosslink repair and homologous recombination. Consequently, loss of PRMT5 activity leads to endogenous DNA damage that triggers p53 activation, induces apoptosis, and culminates in rapid HSC exhaustion, which is significantly delayed by p53 depletion. Collectively, these findings establish the importance of cell-intrinsic PRMT5 activity in HSCs. Tan et al. demonstrate that depletion of PRMT5 activity in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) perturbs protein homeostasis, and they uncover a conserved role for PRMT5 in maintaining genomic integrity by modulating splicing of DNA repair genes. These findings underscore the need to maintain an adequate level of PRMT5 activity in HSCs. © 2019 The Author(s)
Source Title: Cell Reports
ISSN: 22111247
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.02.001
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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