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Title: Direct quantification of the translocation activities of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 helicase
Authors: Lu, C. 
Le, S. 
Chen, J. 
Byrd, A.K.
Rhodes, D.
Raney, K.D.
Yan, J. 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: NLM (Medline)
Citation: Lu, C., Le, S., Chen, J., Byrd, A.K., Rhodes, D., Raney, K.D., Yan, J. (2019). Direct quantification of the translocation activities of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 helicase. Nucleic acids research 47 (14) : 7494-7501. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Abstract: Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 (ScPif1) is known as an ATP-dependent DNA helicase that plays critical roles in a number of important biological processes such as DNA replication, telomere maintenance and genome stability maintenance. Besides its DNA helicase activity, ScPif1 is also known as a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) translocase, while how ScPif1 translocates on ssDNA is unclear. Here, by measuring the translocation activity of individual ScPif1 molecules on ssDNA extended by mechanical force, we identified two distinct types of ssDNA translocation. In one type, ScPif1 moves along the ssDNA track with a rate of ?140爊t/s in 100 ?M ATP, whereas in the other type, ScPif1 is immobilized to a fixed location of ssDNA and generates ssDNA loops against force. Between the two, the mobile translocation is the major form at nanomolar ScPif1 concentrations although patrolling becomes more frequent at micromolar concentrations. Together, our results suggest that ScPif1 translocates on extended ssDNA in two distinct modes, primarily in a 'mobile' manner. � The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.
Source Title: Nucleic acids research
ISSN: 13624962
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkz541
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
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