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Title: Evaluation of solar-driven photocatalytic activity of thermal treated TiO 2 under various atmospheres
Authors: Katal, R.
Eshkalak, S.K.
Masudy-Panah, S. 
Kosari, M.
Saeedikhani, M.
Zarinejad, M.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Keywords: Degradation
Oxygen vacancy
Thermal treatment
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Katal, R., Eshkalak, S.K., Masudy-Panah, S., Kosari, M., Saeedikhani, M., Zarinejad, M., Ramakrishna, S. (2019). Evaluation of solar-driven photocatalytic activity of thermal treated TiO 2 under various atmospheres. Nanomaterials 9 (2) : 163. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: In this report, the photocatalytic activity of P25 has been explored and the influence of thermal treatment under various atmospheres (air, vacuum and hydrogen) were discussed. The samples’ characteristics were disclosed by means of various instruments including X-ray diffraction (XRD), Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV–vis. This study also accentuates various states of the oxygen vacancy density formed inside the samples as well as the colour turning observed in treated P25 under various atmospheres. Produced coloured TiO 2 samples were then exploited for their photocatalytic capability concerning photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) using air mass (AM) 1.5 G solar light irradiation. Our findings revealed that exceptional photocatalytic activity of P25 is related to the thermal treatment. Neither oxygen vacancy formation nor photocatalytic activity enhancement was observed in the air-treated sample. H 2 -treated samples have shown better photoactivity which even could be further improved by optimizing treatment conditions to achieve the advantages of the positive role of oxygen vacancy (O-vacancy at higher concentration than optimum acts as electron trapping sites). The chemical structure and stability of the samples were also studied. There was no sign of deteriorating of O 2 -vacancies inside the samples after 6 months. High stability of thermal treated samples in terms of both long and short-term time intervals is another significant feature of the produced photocatalyst. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Nanomaterials
ISSN: 20794991
DOI: 10.3390/nano9020163
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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