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Title: ATP binds and inhibits the neurodegeneration-associated fibrillization of the FUS RRM domain
Authors: Kang, J.
Lim, L. 
Song, J. 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Kang, J., Lim, L., Song, J. (2019). ATP binds and inhibits the neurodegeneration-associated fibrillization of the FUS RRM domain. Communications Biology 2 (1) : 223. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) provides energy for cellular processes but has recently been found to act also as a hydrotrope to maintain protein homeostasis. ATP bivalently binds the disordered domain of FUS containing the RG/RGG sequence motif and thereby affects FUS liquid-liquid phase separation. Here, using NMR spectroscopy and molecular docking studies, we report that ATP specifically binds also to the well-folded RRM domain of FUS at physiologically relevant concentrations and with the binding interface overlapping with that of its physiological ssDNA ligand. Importantly, although ATP has little effect on the thermodynamic stability of the RRM domain or its binding to ssDNA, ATP kinetically inhibits the RRM fibrillization that is critical for the gain of cytotoxicity associated with ALS and FTD. Our study provides a previously unappreciated mechanism for ATP to inhibit fibrillization by specific binding, and suggests that ATP may bind additional proteins other than the classic ATP-dependent enzymes. © 2019, The Author(s).
Source Title: Communications Biology
ISSN: 23993642
DOI: 10.1038/s42003-019-0463-x
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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