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Title: Pulse Pressure and the Risk of End-Stage Renal Disease Among Chinese Adults in Singapore: The Singapore Chinese Health Study
Authors: Geng, T.-T.
Talaei, M.
Jafar, T.H.
Yuan, J.-M.
Koh, W.-P. 
Keywords: blood pressure
end-stage renal disease
pulse pressure
Singapore Chinese Health Study
systolic blood pressure
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Heart Association Inc.
Citation: Geng, T.-T., Talaei, M., Jafar, T.H., Yuan, J.-M., Koh, W.-P. (2019). Pulse Pressure and the Risk of End-Stage Renal Disease Among Chinese Adults in Singapore: The Singapore Chinese Health Study. Journal of the American Heart Association 8 (23) : e013282. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Although hypertension is an established risk factor for chronic kidney disease, less is known about the relationship of pulse pressure (PP), a measure of arterial stiffness, with chronic kidney disease. We investigated the association of systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, PP, and mean arterial pressure with the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the prospective population-based Singapore Chinese Health Study. Methods and Results: We used data from 30 636 participants who had BP measured at ages 46 to 85 years during follow-up I interviews between 1999 and 2004. Information on lifestyle factors was collected at recruitment from 1993 to 1998, and selected factors were updated at follow-up I. We identified 463 ESRD cases over an average 11.3 years of follow-up I by linkage with the nationwide Singapore Renal Registry. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess the relations between different BP indexes and ESRD risk. Each BP index was positively associated with ESRD when studied individually. However, when PP was included as a covariate, systolic and diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure were no longer associated with ESRD. Conversely, PP remained significantly associated with ESRD risk in a dose-dependent manner (Ptrend<0.001) after adjusting for systolic or diastolic BP. Compared with the lowest group (<45 mm Hg) of PP, the hazard ratio was 5.25 (95% CI, 3.52–7.84) for the highest group (?85 mm Hg). The association between hypertension and ESRD risk was attenuated and no longer significant after adjusting for PP. Conclusions: Our findings provide a basis for targeting reduction of arterial stiffness to decrease ESRD risk. © 2019 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.
Source Title: Journal of the American Heart Association
ISSN: 20479980
DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.119.013282
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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