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Title: Health-related quality of life in pediatric patients with leukemia in singapore: A cross-sectional pilot study
Authors: Choo, C.C.
Chew, P.K.H.
Tan, P.
Choo, J.Q. 
Choo, A.M.H.
Ho, R.C. 
Quah, T.C. 
Keywords: Age
Health-related quality of life
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Choo, C.C., Chew, P.K.H., Tan, P., Choo, J.Q., Choo, A.M.H., Ho, R.C., Quah, T.C. (2019). Health-related quality of life in pediatric patients with leukemia in singapore: A cross-sectional pilot study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (12) : 2069. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: There has been a paradigm shift in health service delivery to a more holistic approach, which considers Quality of Life (QoL) and overall functioning. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is a multidimensional construct that encompasses physical functioning as well as psychosocial aspects of emotional and social functioning. This study explored factors related to HRQoL in Asian pediatric patients with leukemia in Singapore. The available variables included: Age, treatment duration, household income, gender, ethnicity, religion, diagnosis, and phase of treatment. It is hypothesized that the relationships will be significant. In the current study, there were 60 patients (60% males) with leukemia; their ages ranged from 1 to 21 years (Mean = 8.03, Standard Deviation = 4.55). The hypothesis was partially supported. Age had a significant positive relationship with physical functioning, r(60) = 0.28, p < 0.05, physical health, r(60) = 0.28, p < 0.05, and the total HRQoL score, r(60) = 0.29, p < 0.05. Treatment duration had a positive relationship with school functioning, r(60) = 0.28, p < 0.05. All other correlations were statistically non-significant. The effects of the available psychosocial variables of gender, ethnicity, and religion were examined on scores from the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). Ethnicity had a significant effect on social functioning, U = 292.00, p < 0.05, r = 0.3 (medium effect size). Specifically, Chinese (Median = 85.00, n = 33) had significantly higher scores on social functioning than others (Median = 70.00, n = 27). The remaining comparisons were statistically non-significant. The current findings added to QoL research, and provided an impetus for more research in the area of HRQoL for children with leukemia in Singapore. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 1661-7827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16122069
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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