Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Mott polaritons in cavity-coupled quantum materials
Authors: Kiffner, M. 
Coulthard, J.
Schlawin, F.
Ardavan, A.
Jaksch, D. 
Keywords: Cavity methods
Collective and cooperative effects
Hubbard model
Mott insulators
Optical conductivity
Quantum materials
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Citation: Kiffner, M., Coulthard, J., Schlawin, F., Ardavan, A., Jaksch, D. (2019). Mott polaritons in cavity-coupled quantum materials. New Journal of Physics 21 (7) : 73066. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Weshow that strong electron electron interactions in quantum materials can give rise to electronic transitions that couple strongly to cavity fields, and collective enhancement of these interactions can result in ultrastrong effective coupling strengths. As a paradigmatic example we consider a Fermi Hubbard model coupled to a single-mode cavity and find that resonant electron-cavity interactions result in the formation of a quasi-continuum of polariton branches. The vacuum Rabi splitting of the two outermost branches is collectively enhanced and scaleswith g ? 2L eff , where L is the number of electronic sites, and the maximal achievable value for geff is determined by the volume of the unit cell of the crystal.Wefind that geff for existing quantum materials can by far exceed the width of the first excited Hubbard band. This effect can be experimentally observed via measurements of the optical conductivity and does not require ultrastrong coupling on the single-electron level. Quantum correlations in the electronic ground state as well as the microscopic nature of the light matter interaction enhance the collective light matter interaction compared to an ensemble of independent two-level atoms interacting with a cavity mode. © 2019 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the Institute of Physics and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
Source Title: New Journal of Physics
ISSN: 1367-2630
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/ab31c7
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Elements
Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
10_1088_1367-2630_ab31c7.pdf929.95 kBAdobe PDF



Google ScholarTM



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons