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Title: Fabrication and properties of hybrid coffee-cellulose aerogels from spent coffee grounds
Authors: Zhang, X. 
Kwek, L.P.
Le, D.K. 
Tan, M.S.
Duong, H.M. 
Keywords: Aerogel
Coffee powder
Cotton fiber
Freeze drying
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Zhang, X., Kwek, L.P., Le, D.K., Tan, M.S., Duong, H.M. (2019). Fabrication and properties of hybrid coffee-cellulose aerogels from spent coffee grounds. Polymers 11 (12) : 1942. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: A fully biodegradable hybrid coffee-cotton aerogel has been successfully developed from spent coffee grounds, 100% cotton fiber and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) flakes via environmental friendly processes. The cotton fibers in coffee aerogel help to maintain the structure and improve the overall properties of the new hybrid coffee-cotton aerogel. The results show that increasing the concentration offibers, while keeping the concentration of spent coffee grounds constant, the sinking of coffee ground particles in solution and shrinking effect on the aerogels are minimized and the overall mechanical and oil absorption properties are improved. The developed hybrid aerogels possess high porosity of 92-95% and super-hydrophobicity with an average water contact angle of 139°. Oil absorption capacity achieves 16 g/g with 0.50 wt. % of cotton fibers inside the coffee aerogel. Their thermal conductivity is in the range of 0.037-0.045W/mK and compressive Young's modulus achieves highest at 15.6 kPa. The properties of the hybrid aerogel indicate it as a potential material in several applications such as thermal insulation, oil absorption and filtration. © 2019 by the authors.
Source Title: Polymers
ISSN: 2073-4360
DOI: 10.3390/polym11121942
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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